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Exploring the GMO narrative through labeling: strategies, products, and politics. 通过标签探索转基因叙述:战略、产品和政治。
IF 3.9 2区 农林科学
Gm Crops & Food-Biotechnology in Agriculture and the Food Chain Pub Date : 2024-12-31 Epub Date: 2024-02-25 DOI: 10.1080/21645698.2024.2318027
Camille D Ryan, Elizabeth Henggeler, Samantha Gilbert, Andrew J Schaul, John T Swarthout
{"title":"Exploring the GMO narrative through labeling: strategies, products, and politics.","authors":"Camille D Ryan, Elizabeth Henggeler, Samantha Gilbert, Andrew J Schaul, John T Swarthout","doi":"10.1080/21645698.2024.2318027","DOIUrl":"10.1080/21645698.2024.2318027","url":null,"abstract":"<p><p>Labels are influential signals in the marketplace intended to inform and to eliminate buyer confusion. Despite this, food labels continue to be the subject of debate. None more so than non-GMO (genetically modified organisms) labels. This manuscript provides a timeline of the evolution of GMO labels beginning with the early history of the anti-GMO movement to the current National Bioengineered Food Disclosure Standard in the United States. Using media and market intelligence data collected through Buzzsumo™ and Mintel™, public discourse of GMOs is analyzed in relation to sociopolitical events and the number of new food products with anti-GMO labels, respectively. Policy document and publication data is collected with Overton™ to illustrate the policy landscape for the GMO topic and how it has changed over time. Analysis of the collective data illustrates that while social media and policy engagement around the topic of GMOs has diminished over time, the number of new products with a GMO-free designation continues to grow. While discourse peaked at one point, and has since declined, our results suggest that the legacy of an anti-GMO narrative remains firmly embedded in the social psyche, evidenced by the continuing rise of products with GMO-free designation. Campaigns for GMO food labels to satisfy consumers' right to know were successful and the perceived need for this information now appears to be self-sustaining.</p>","PeriodicalId":54282,"journal":{"name":"Gm Crops & Food-Biotechnology in Agriculture and the Food Chain","volume":null,"pages":null},"PeriodicalIF":3.9,"publicationDate":"2024-12-31","publicationTypes":"Journal Article","fieldsOfStudy":null,"isOpenAccess":false,"openAccessPdf":"https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC10896172/pdf/","citationCount":null,"resultStr":null,"platform":"Semanticscholar","paperid":"139974590","PeriodicalName":null,"FirstCategoryId":null,"ListUrlMain":null,"RegionNum":2,"RegionCategory":"农林科学","ArticlePicture":[],"TitleCN":null,"AbstractTextCN":null,"PMCID":"OA","EPubDate":null,"PubModel":null,"JCR":null,"JCRName":null,"Score":null,"Total":0}
引用次数: 0
ShF5H1 overexpression increases syringyl lignin and improves saccharification in sugarcane leaves. ShF5H1 过表达可增加甘蔗叶片中的丁香基木质素并提高糖化率。
IF 3.9 2区 农林科学
Gm Crops & Food-Biotechnology in Agriculture and the Food Chain Pub Date : 2024-12-31 Epub Date: 2024-03-20 DOI: 10.1080/21645698.2024.2325181
Juan Pablo Portilla Llerena, Eduardo Kiyota, Fernanda Raquel Camilo Dos Santos, Julio C Garcia, Rodrigo Faleiro de Lima, Juliana Lischka Sampaio Mayer, Michael Dos Santos Brito, Paulo Mazzafera, Silvana Creste, Paula Macedo Nobile
{"title":"<i>ShF5H1</i> overexpression increases syringyl lignin and improves saccharification in sugarcane leaves.","authors":"Juan Pablo Portilla Llerena, Eduardo Kiyota, Fernanda Raquel Camilo Dos Santos, Julio C Garcia, Rodrigo Faleiro de Lima, Juliana Lischka Sampaio Mayer, Michael Dos Santos Brito, Paulo Mazzafera, Silvana Creste, Paula Macedo Nobile","doi":"10.1080/21645698.2024.2325181","DOIUrl":"10.1080/21645698.2024.2325181","url":null,"abstract":"<p><p>The agricultural sugarcane residues, bagasse and straws, can be used for second-generation ethanol (2GE) production by the cellulose conversion into glucose (saccharification). However, the lignin content negatively impacts the saccharification process. This polymer is mainly composed of guaiacyl (G), hydroxyphenyl (H), and syringyl (S) units, the latter formed in the ferulate 5-hydroxylase (F5H) branch of the lignin biosynthesis pathway. We have generated transgenic lines overexpressing <i>ShF5H1</i> under the control of the <i>C4H</i> (cinnamate 4-hydroxylase) rice promoter, which led to a significant increase of up to 160% in the S/G ratio and 63% in the saccharification efficiency in leaves. Nevertheless, the content of lignin was unchanged in this organ. In culms, neither the S/G ratio nor sucrose accumulation was altered, suggesting that <i>ShF5H1</i> overexpression would not affect first-generation ethanol production. Interestingly, the bagasse showed a significantly higher fiber content. Our results indicate that the tissue-specific manipulation of the biosynthetic branch leading to S unit formation is industrially advantageous and has established a foundation for further studies aiming at refining lignin modifications. Thus, the <i>ShF5H1</i> overexpression in sugarcane emerges as an efficient strategy to improve 2GE production from straw.</p>","PeriodicalId":54282,"journal":{"name":"Gm Crops & Food-Biotechnology in Agriculture and the Food Chain","volume":null,"pages":null},"PeriodicalIF":3.9,"publicationDate":"2024-12-31","publicationTypes":"Journal Article","fieldsOfStudy":null,"isOpenAccess":false,"openAccessPdf":"https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC10956634/pdf/","citationCount":null,"resultStr":null,"platform":"Semanticscholar","paperid":"140177730","PeriodicalName":null,"FirstCategoryId":null,"ListUrlMain":null,"RegionNum":2,"RegionCategory":"农林科学","ArticlePicture":[],"TitleCN":null,"AbstractTextCN":null,"PMCID":"OA","EPubDate":null,"PubModel":null,"JCR":null,"JCRName":null,"Score":null,"Total":0}
引用次数: 0
Agricultural chemical use and the rural-urban divide in Canada. 加拿大农业化学品的使用和城乡差别。
IF 3.9 2区 农林科学
Gm Crops & Food-Biotechnology in Agriculture and the Food Chain Pub Date : 2024-12-31 Epub Date: 2024-02-20 DOI: 10.1080/21645698.2024.2318876
Stuart J Smyth, Sylvain Charlebois
{"title":"Agricultural chemical use and the rural-urban divide in Canada.","authors":"Stuart J Smyth, Sylvain Charlebois","doi":"10.1080/21645698.2024.2318876","DOIUrl":"10.1080/21645698.2024.2318876","url":null,"abstract":"<p><p>Innovation is of fundamental importance for improving food production, as well as sustainability food production. Since 1960, food production has benefited from innovations in plant breeding technologies, fertilizer, chemicals and equipment. These innovations have dramatically increased food production, while the amount of land used has minimally increased. However, future food production increases are jeopardized from widening knowledge gaps between rural food producers and large urban food consuming populations. Over time, that gap has fueled disinformation. The development of disinformation business models contributes to urban consumers receiving inaccurate information about the importance of inputs essential to food production, resulting in political pressures being applied that are targeted at reductions in the use of many food production inputs. The use of chemicals are a frequent target of disinformation campaigns. This article examines how the lack of government clarity about the safe use of chemicals contributes to a lack of public information.</p>","PeriodicalId":54282,"journal":{"name":"Gm Crops & Food-Biotechnology in Agriculture and the Food Chain","volume":null,"pages":null},"PeriodicalIF":3.9,"publicationDate":"2024-12-31","publicationTypes":"Journal Article","fieldsOfStudy":null,"isOpenAccess":false,"openAccessPdf":"https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC10880490/pdf/","citationCount":null,"resultStr":null,"platform":"Semanticscholar","paperid":"139906926","PeriodicalName":null,"FirstCategoryId":null,"ListUrlMain":null,"RegionNum":2,"RegionCategory":"农林科学","ArticlePicture":[],"TitleCN":null,"AbstractTextCN":null,"PMCID":"OA","EPubDate":null,"PubModel":null,"JCR":null,"JCRName":null,"Score":null,"Total":0}
引用次数: 0
In-silico analysis and transformation of OsMYB48 transcription factor driven by CaMV35S promoter in model plant - Nicotiana tabacum L. conferring abiotic stress tolerance. 对CaMV35S启动子驱动的OsMYB48转录因子在模式植物--Nicotiana tabacum L.中赋予抗非生物性胁迫能力的内部分析和转化。
IF 3.9 2区 农林科学
Gm Crops & Food-Biotechnology in Agriculture and the Food Chain Pub Date : 2024-12-31 Epub Date: 2024-03-29 DOI: 10.1080/21645698.2024.2334476
Yumna Ahmad, Saqlain Haider, Javed Iqbal, Sana Naseer, Kotb A Attia, Arif Ahmed Mohammed, Sajid Fiaz, Tariq Mahmood
{"title":"In-silico analysis and transformation of OsMYB48 transcription factor driven by CaMV35S promoter in model plant - <i>Nicotiana tabacum</i> L. conferring abiotic stress tolerance.","authors":"Yumna Ahmad, Saqlain Haider, Javed Iqbal, Sana Naseer, Kotb A Attia, Arif Ahmed Mohammed, Sajid Fiaz, Tariq Mahmood","doi":"10.1080/21645698.2024.2334476","DOIUrl":"10.1080/21645698.2024.2334476","url":null,"abstract":"<p><p>Global crop yield has been affected by a number of abiotic stresses. Heat, salinity, and drought stress are at the top of the list as serious environmental growth-limiting factors. To enhance crop productivity, molecular approaches have been used to determine the key regulators affecting stress-related phenomena. MYB transcription factors (TF) have been reported as one of the promising defensive proteins against the unfavorable conditions that plants must face. Different roles of MYB TFs have been suggested such as regulation of cellular growth and differentiation, hormonal signaling, mediating abiotic stress responses, etc. To gain significant insights, a comprehensive in-silico analysis of OsMYB TF was carried out in comparison with 21 dicot MYB TFs and 10 monocot MYB TFs. Their chromosomal location, gene structure, protein domain, and motifs were analyzed. The phylogenetic relationship was also studied, which resulted in the classification of proteins into four basic groups: groups A, B, C, and D. The protein motif analysis identified several conserved sequences responsible for cellular activities. The gene structure analysis suggested that proteins that were present in the same class, showed similar intron-exon structures. Promoter analysis revealed major cis-acting elements that were found to be responsible for hormonal signaling and initiating a response to abiotic stress and light-induced mechanisms. The transformation of OsMYB TF into tobacco was carried out using the <i>Agrobacterium</i>-mediated transformation method, to further analyze the expression level of a gene in different plant parts, under stress conditions. To summarize, the current studies shed light on the evolution and role of OsMYB TF in plants. Future investigations should focus on elucidating the functional roles of MYB transcription factors in abiotic stress tolerance through targeted genetic modification and CRISPR/Cas9-mediated genome editing. The application of omics approaches and systems biology will be indispensable in delineating the regulatory networks orchestrated by MYB TFs, facilitating the development of crop genotypes with enhanced resilience to environmental stressors. Rigorous field validation of these genetically engineered or edited crops is imperative to ascertain their utility in promoting sustainable agricultural practices.</p>","PeriodicalId":54282,"journal":{"name":"Gm Crops & Food-Biotechnology in Agriculture and the Food Chain","volume":null,"pages":null},"PeriodicalIF":3.9,"publicationDate":"2024-12-31","publicationTypes":"Journal Article","fieldsOfStudy":null,"isOpenAccess":false,"openAccessPdf":"","citationCount":null,"resultStr":null,"platform":"Semanticscholar","paperid":"140319922","PeriodicalName":null,"FirstCategoryId":null,"ListUrlMain":null,"RegionNum":2,"RegionCategory":"农林科学","ArticlePicture":[],"TitleCN":null,"AbstractTextCN":null,"PMCID":"","EPubDate":null,"PubModel":null,"JCR":null,"JCRName":null,"Score":null,"Total":0}
引用次数: 0
Lipid Nanovesicle Platforms for Hepatocellular Carcinoma Precision Medicine Therapeutics: Progress and Perspectives. 用于肝细胞癌精准医学治疗的脂质纳米囊平台:进展与展望》。
IF 2.3 4区 生物学
Organogenesis Pub Date : 2024-12-31 Epub Date: 2024-02-15 DOI: 10.1080/15476278.2024.2313696
Brandon M Lehrich, Evan R Delgado
{"title":"Lipid Nanovesicle Platforms for Hepatocellular Carcinoma Precision Medicine Therapeutics: Progress and Perspectives.","authors":"Brandon M Lehrich, Evan R Delgado","doi":"10.1080/15476278.2024.2313696","DOIUrl":"10.1080/15476278.2024.2313696","url":null,"abstract":"<p><p>Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is one of the leading causes of cancer-related mortality globally. HCC is highly heterogenous with diverse etiologies leading to different driver mutations potentiating unique tumor immune microenvironments. Current therapeutic options, including immune checkpoint inhibitors and combinations, have achieved limited objective response rates for the majority of patients. Thus, a precision medicine approach is needed to tailor specific treatment options for molecular subsets of HCC patients. Lipid nanovesicle platforms, either liposome- (synthetic) or extracellular vesicle (natural)-derived present are improved drug delivery vehicles which may be modified to contain specific cargos for targeting specific tumor sites, with a natural affinity for liver with limited toxicity. This mini-review provides updates on the applications of novel lipid nanovesicle-based therapeutics for HCC precision medicine and the challenges associated with translating this therapeutic subclass from preclinical models to the clinic.</p>","PeriodicalId":19596,"journal":{"name":"Organogenesis","volume":null,"pages":null},"PeriodicalIF":2.3,"publicationDate":"2024-12-31","publicationTypes":"Journal Article","fieldsOfStudy":null,"isOpenAccess":false,"openAccessPdf":"https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC10878025/pdf/","citationCount":null,"resultStr":null,"platform":"Semanticscholar","paperid":"139735778","PeriodicalName":null,"FirstCategoryId":null,"ListUrlMain":null,"RegionNum":4,"RegionCategory":"生物学","ArticlePicture":[],"TitleCN":null,"AbstractTextCN":null,"PMCID":"OA","EPubDate":null,"PubModel":null,"JCR":null,"JCRName":null,"Score":null,"Total":0}
引用次数: 0
Cloning and functional analysis of ZmMADS42 gene in maize. 玉米 ZmMADS42 基因的克隆和功能分析。
IF 3.9 2区 农林科学
Gm Crops & Food-Biotechnology in Agriculture and the Food Chain Pub Date : 2024-12-31 Epub Date: 2024-03-11 DOI: 10.1080/21645698.2024.2328384
Yang Zhao, Jianyu Lu, Bo Hu, Peng Jiao, Bai Gao, Zhenzhong Jiang, Siyan Liu, Shuyan Guan, Yiyong Ma
{"title":"Cloning and functional analysis of ZmMADS42 gene in maize.","authors":"Yang Zhao, Jianyu Lu, Bo Hu, Peng Jiao, Bai Gao, Zhenzhong Jiang, Siyan Liu, Shuyan Guan, Yiyong Ma","doi":"10.1080/21645698.2024.2328384","DOIUrl":"10.1080/21645698.2024.2328384","url":null,"abstract":"<p><p>Maize (<i>Zea mays</i> L.) is the most important cereal crop in the world. Flowering period and photoperiod play important roles in the reproductive development of maize. This study, investigated <i>ZmMADS42</i>, a gene that is highly expressed in the shoot apical meristem. <i>Agrobacterium</i> infection was used to successfully obtain overexpressed <i>ZmMADS42</i> plants. Fluorescence quantitative PCR revealed that the expression of the <i>ZmMADS42</i> gene in the shoot apical meristem of transgenic plants was 2.8 times higher than that of the wild-type(WT). In addition, the expression of the ZmMADS42 gene in the endosperm was 2.4 times higher than that in the wild-type. The seed width of the T2 generation increased by 5.35%, whereas the seed length decreased by 7.78% compared with that of the wild-type. Dissection of the shoot tips of transgenic and wild-type plants from the 7-leaf stage to the 9-leaf stage revealed that the transgenic plants entered the differentiation stage earlier and exhibited more tassel meristems during their vegetative growth period. The mature transgenic plants were approximately 20 cm shorter in height and had a lower panicle position than the wild-type plants. Comparing the flowering period, the tasseling, powdering, and silking stages of the transgenic plants occurred 10 days earlier than those of the wild-type plants. The results showed that the <i>ZmMADS42</i> gene played a significant role in regulating the flowering period and plant height of maize.</p>","PeriodicalId":54282,"journal":{"name":"Gm Crops & Food-Biotechnology in Agriculture and the Food Chain","volume":null,"pages":null},"PeriodicalIF":3.9,"publicationDate":"2024-12-31","publicationTypes":"Journal Article","fieldsOfStudy":null,"isOpenAccess":false,"openAccessPdf":"https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC10936638/pdf/","citationCount":null,"resultStr":null,"platform":"Semanticscholar","paperid":"140095152","PeriodicalName":null,"FirstCategoryId":null,"ListUrlMain":null,"RegionNum":2,"RegionCategory":"农林科学","ArticlePicture":[],"TitleCN":null,"AbstractTextCN":null,"PMCID":"OA","EPubDate":null,"PubModel":null,"JCR":null,"JCRName":null,"Score":null,"Total":0}
引用次数: 0
Exosomes derived from TNF-α-treated bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells ameliorate myocardial infarction injury in mice. 从经 TNF-α 处理的骨髓间充质干细胞中提取的外泌体可改善小鼠心肌梗死损伤。
IF 2.3 4区 生物学
Organogenesis Pub Date : 2024-12-31 Epub Date: 2024-05-20 DOI: 10.1080/15476278.2024.2356341
Shuo Wang, Rubin Wu, Qincong Chen, Tao Liu, Liu Li
{"title":"Exosomes derived from TNF-α-treated bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells ameliorate myocardial infarction injury in mice.","authors":"Shuo Wang, Rubin Wu, Qincong Chen, Tao Liu, Liu Li","doi":"10.1080/15476278.2024.2356341","DOIUrl":"10.1080/15476278.2024.2356341","url":null,"abstract":"<p><p>Exosomes derived from bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (BMSCs) exhibit considerable therapeutic potential for myocardial regeneration. In our investigation, we delved into their impact on various aspects of myocardial infarction (MI), including cardiac function, tissue damage, inflammation, and macrophage polarization in a murine model. We meticulously isolated the exosomes from TNF-α-treated BMSCs and evaluated their therapeutic efficacy in a mouse MI model induced by coronary artery ligation surgery. Our comprehensive analysis, incorporating ultrasound, serum assessment, Western blot, and qRT-PCR, revealed that exosomes from TNF-α-treated BMSCs demonstrated significant therapeutic potential in reducing MI-induced injury. Treatment with these exosomes resulted in improved cardiac function, reduced infarct area, and increased left ventricular wall thickness in MI mice. On a mechanistic level, exosome treatment fostered M2 macrophage polarization while concurrently suppressing M1 polarization. Hence, exosomes derived from TNF-α-treated BMSCs emerge as a promising therapeutic strategy for alleviating MI injury in a mouse model.</p>","PeriodicalId":19596,"journal":{"name":"Organogenesis","volume":null,"pages":null},"PeriodicalIF":2.3,"publicationDate":"2024-12-31","publicationTypes":"Journal Article","fieldsOfStudy":null,"isOpenAccess":false,"openAccessPdf":"https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC11110693/pdf/","citationCount":null,"resultStr":null,"platform":"Semanticscholar","paperid":"141066153","PeriodicalName":null,"FirstCategoryId":null,"ListUrlMain":null,"RegionNum":4,"RegionCategory":"生物学","ArticlePicture":[],"TitleCN":null,"AbstractTextCN":null,"PMCID":"OA","EPubDate":null,"PubModel":null,"JCR":null,"JCRName":null,"Score":null,"Total":0}
引用次数: 0
The evolution of media reportage on GMOs in Ghana following approval of first GM crop. 加纳批准第一种转基因作物后,媒体对转基因生物报道的演变。
IF 3.9 2区 农林科学
Gm Crops & Food-Biotechnology in Agriculture and the Food Chain Pub Date : 2024-12-31 Epub Date: 2024-06-10 DOI: 10.1080/21645698.2024.2365481
Joseph Opoku Gakpo, Dennis Baffour-Awuah
{"title":"The evolution of media reportage on GMOs in Ghana following approval of first GM crop.","authors":"Joseph Opoku Gakpo, Dennis Baffour-Awuah","doi":"10.1080/21645698.2024.2365481","DOIUrl":"10.1080/21645698.2024.2365481","url":null,"abstract":"<p><p>Ghana's parliament in 2011 passed the Biosafety Act to allow for the application of genetically modified organism (GMO) technology in the country's agriculture. In a vibrant democracy, there have been extensive media discussions on whether GM crops will benefit or harm citizens. In June 2022, the state GMO regulator, the National Biosafety Authority (NBA), approved the country's first GM crop (Bt cowpea) for environmental release, declaring the crop does not present an altered environmental risk or a food/feed safety concern. This study identified 3 of the country's most vibrant digital news outlets and did a content analysis of all GMO stories reported 18 months pre- and post-approval to assess whether the approval changed the focus of GMO issues the media reports on. 91 articles were identified. The results show media reports on the likely impact of GMOs on the country's food security shot up after the approval. However, media reports on the possible health, sociocultural, and environmental impact of GMOs declined. We observe the media and the public appear interested in deliberations on how the technology could address or worsen food insecurity and urge agricultural biotechnology actors in Ghana to focus on that in their sensitization activities.</p>","PeriodicalId":54282,"journal":{"name":"Gm Crops & Food-Biotechnology in Agriculture and the Food Chain","volume":null,"pages":null},"PeriodicalIF":3.9,"publicationDate":"2024-12-31","publicationTypes":"Journal Article","fieldsOfStudy":null,"isOpenAccess":false,"openAccessPdf":"https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC11174054/pdf/","citationCount":null,"resultStr":null,"platform":"Semanticscholar","paperid":"141302014","PeriodicalName":null,"FirstCategoryId":null,"ListUrlMain":null,"RegionNum":2,"RegionCategory":"农林科学","ArticlePicture":[],"TitleCN":null,"AbstractTextCN":null,"PMCID":"OA","EPubDate":null,"PubModel":null,"JCR":null,"JCRName":null,"Score":null,"Total":0}
引用次数: 0
An environmental risk assessment of IPD079Ea: a protein derived from Ophioglossum pendulum with activity against Diabrotica spp.In maize. IPD079Ea 的环境风险评估:一种从 Ophioglossum pendulum 提取的蛋白质,对玉米中的 Diabrotica spp.
IF 3.9 2区 农林科学
Gm Crops & Food-Biotechnology in Agriculture and the Food Chain Pub Date : 2024-12-31 Epub Date: 2024-01-18 DOI: 10.1080/21645698.2023.2299503
Bridget F O'Neill, Chad Boeckman, Kristine LeRoy, Chris Linderblood, Taylor Olson, Rachel Woods, Mary Challender
{"title":"An environmental risk assessment of IPD079Ea: a protein derived from <i>Ophioglossum pendulum</i> with activity against <i>Diabrotica</i> spp.In maize.","authors":"Bridget F O'Neill, Chad Boeckman, Kristine LeRoy, Chris Linderblood, Taylor Olson, Rachel Woods, Mary Challender","doi":"10.1080/21645698.2023.2299503","DOIUrl":"10.1080/21645698.2023.2299503","url":null,"abstract":"<p><p>Farmers in North America face significant pressure from insects in their maize fields, particularly from corn rootworm (<i>Diabrotica</i> spp.). Research into proteins capable of insecticidal activity has found several produced by ferns. One protein, IPD079Ea, was derived from <i>Ophioglossum pendulum</i> and has shown activity against corn rootworm. An environmental risk assessment was conducted for maize event DP-915635-4, which provides control of corn rootworms via expression of the IPD079Ea protein. This assessment focused on IPD079Ea and characterized potential exposure and hazard to non-target organisms (NTOs). For exposure, estimated environmental concentrations (EECs) were calculated. For hazard, laboratory dietary toxicity studies were conducted with IPD079Ea and surrogate non-target organisms. Environmental risk was characterized by comparing hazard and exposure to calculate the margin of exposure (MOE). Based on the MOE values for DP-915635-4 maize, the IPD079Ea protein is not expected to result in unreasonable adverse effects on beneficial NTO populations at environmentally relevant concentrations.</p>","PeriodicalId":54282,"journal":{"name":"Gm Crops & Food-Biotechnology in Agriculture and the Food Chain","volume":null,"pages":null},"PeriodicalIF":3.9,"publicationDate":"2024-12-31","publicationTypes":"Journal Article","fieldsOfStudy":null,"isOpenAccess":false,"openAccessPdf":"https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC10802193/pdf/","citationCount":null,"resultStr":null,"platform":"Semanticscholar","paperid":"139492009","PeriodicalName":null,"FirstCategoryId":null,"ListUrlMain":null,"RegionNum":2,"RegionCategory":"农林科学","ArticlePicture":[],"TitleCN":null,"AbstractTextCN":null,"PMCID":"OA","EPubDate":null,"PubModel":null,"JCR":null,"JCRName":null,"Score":null,"Total":0}
引用次数: 0
Best practices for acceptability of GM crops field trials conclusions: lessons for Africa. 转基因作物田间试验结论可接受性的最佳做法:非洲的经验教训。
IF 4.5 2区 农林科学
Gm Crops & Food-Biotechnology in Agriculture and the Food Chain Pub Date : 2024-12-31 Epub Date: 2024-07-09 DOI: 10.1080/21645698.2024.2376415
Paul Chege, Julia Njagi, John Komen, Godfrey Ngure, John Muriuki, Margaret Karembu
{"title":"Best practices for acceptability of GM crops field trials conclusions: lessons for Africa.","authors":"Paul Chege, Julia Njagi, John Komen, Godfrey Ngure, John Muriuki, Margaret Karembu","doi":"10.1080/21645698.2024.2376415","DOIUrl":"10.1080/21645698.2024.2376415","url":null,"abstract":"<p><p>The ability to transfer information about the performance, safety, and environmental impacts of a genetically modified (GM) crop from confined field trials (CFTs) conducted in one location to another is increasingly gaining importance in biosafety regulatory assessment and decision-making. The CFT process can be expensive, time-consuming, and logistically challenging. Data transportability can help overcome these challenges by allowing the use of data obtained from CFTs conducted in one country to inform regulatory decision-making in another country. Applicability of transported CFT data would be particularly beneficial to the public sector product developers and small enterprises that develop innovative GM events but cannot afford to replicate redundant CFTs, as well as regulatory authorities seeking to improve the deployment of limited resources. This review investigates case studies where transported CFT data have successfully been applied in biosafety assessment and decision-making, with an outlook of how African countries could benefit from a similar approach.</p>","PeriodicalId":54282,"journal":{"name":"Gm Crops & Food-Biotechnology in Agriculture and the Food Chain","volume":null,"pages":null},"PeriodicalIF":4.5,"publicationDate":"2024-12-31","publicationTypes":"Journal Article","fieldsOfStudy":null,"isOpenAccess":false,"openAccessPdf":"https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC11236291/pdf/","citationCount":null,"resultStr":null,"platform":"Semanticscholar","paperid":"141565122","PeriodicalName":null,"FirstCategoryId":null,"ListUrlMain":null,"RegionNum":2,"RegionCategory":"农林科学","ArticlePicture":[],"TitleCN":null,"AbstractTextCN":null,"PMCID":"OA","EPubDate":null,"PubModel":null,"JCR":null,"JCRName":null,"Score":null,"Total":0}
引用次数: 0
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