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How can research institutions support responsible supervision and leadership? 研究机构如何支持负责任的监督和领导?
IF 3.4 1区 哲学
Accountability in Research-Policies and Quality Assurance Pub Date : 2024-12-01 Epub Date: 2022-08-24 DOI: 10.1080/08989621.2022.2112033
Daniel Pizzolato, Krishma Labib, Niko Skoulikaris, Natalie Evans, Rea Roje, Panagiotis Kavouras, Noémie Aubert Bonn, Kris Dierickx, Joeri Tijdink
{"title":"How can research institutions support responsible supervision and leadership?","authors":"Daniel Pizzolato, Krishma Labib, Niko Skoulikaris, Natalie Evans, Rea Roje, Panagiotis Kavouras, Noémie Aubert Bonn, Kris Dierickx, Joeri Tijdink","doi":"10.1080/08989621.2022.2112033","DOIUrl":"10.1080/08989621.2022.2112033","url":null,"abstract":"<p><p>Supervisors, PhD candidates and research leaders are expected to be the primary persons responsible for maintaining a high research integrity standards. However, research institutions should support them in this effort, by promoting responsible supervision and leadership practices. Although it is clear that institutions play a crucial role in this, there is a lack of institutional guidelines focusing on these topics. The development of the experience-based guidelines presented in this article consisted of a multi-step, iterative approach. We engaged 16 experts in supervision and research integrity in four workshops to co-create institutional guidelines for responsible supervision and leadership. To revise the guidelines and make them operational, we formed a dedicated working group and consulted experts in the field of supervision. This resulted in three guidelines focusing on what institutions can do to support: responsible supervision, PhD candidates during their PhD trajectory, and responsible leadership. The recommendations focus on the rights and responsibilities of the three targeted stakeholder groups, and institutions' responsibilities for the personal development and well-being of supervisors, PhD candidates and research leaders. The three guidelines can be used by institutions to foster responsible supervision and leadership by supporting researchers to conduct research with integrity.</p>","PeriodicalId":50927,"journal":{"name":"Accountability in Research-Policies and Quality Assurance","volume":null,"pages":null},"PeriodicalIF":3.4,"publicationDate":"2024-12-01","publicationTypes":"Journal Article","fieldsOfStudy":null,"isOpenAccess":false,"openAccessPdf":"","citationCount":null,"resultStr":null,"platform":"Semanticscholar","paperid":"40704055","PeriodicalName":null,"FirstCategoryId":null,"ListUrlMain":null,"RegionNum":1,"RegionCategory":"哲学","ArticlePicture":[],"TitleCN":null,"AbstractTextCN":null,"PMCID":"","EPubDate":null,"PubModel":null,"JCR":null,"JCRName":null,"Score":null,"Total":0}
引用次数: 0
Recalibrated responses needed to a global research landscape in flux. 需要重新调整对策,以应对不断变化的全球研究环境。
IF 3.4 1区 哲学
Accountability in Research-Policies and Quality Assurance Pub Date : 2024-12-01 Epub Date: 2022-08-02 DOI: 10.1080/08989621.2022.2103410
Tommy Shih
{"title":"Recalibrated responses needed to a global research landscape in flux.","authors":"Tommy Shih","doi":"10.1080/08989621.2022.2103410","DOIUrl":"10.1080/08989621.2022.2103410","url":null,"abstract":"<p><p>When engaging in international collaboration, researchers and research institutions have to relate to a great range of differences in legislation, scientific practices, incentive systems, and cultural norms. The research landscape has become even more complex in the last decade, and the gray zones at the intersections of a diverse set of institutional contexts may be used to push boundaries. The focus of earlier efforts seeking to harmonize views on scientific integrity in an international context was more limited. Moreover, the guiding research norms have been primarily shaped by a US-European science duopoly. The rise of China has, however, created a multipolar research landscape. As a response to recent geopolitical developments and changes in the global research landscape, guidelines are starting to emerge, especially in the West, that seek to guide research behaviors in a turbulent world. These guidelines collectively identify integral issues to consider, such as research integrity, academic freedom, export control, national security, data security, and intellectual property rights. The plethora of considerations required cause contradictory advice and the research community faces considerable challenges in implementing such guidelines. Therefore more work is needed to guide research relationships in an uncertain world.</p>","PeriodicalId":50927,"journal":{"name":"Accountability in Research-Policies and Quality Assurance","volume":null,"pages":null},"PeriodicalIF":3.4,"publicationDate":"2024-12-01","publicationTypes":"Journal Article","fieldsOfStudy":null,"isOpenAccess":false,"openAccessPdf":"","citationCount":null,"resultStr":null,"platform":"Semanticscholar","paperid":"40552600","PeriodicalName":null,"FirstCategoryId":null,"ListUrlMain":null,"RegionNum":1,"RegionCategory":"哲学","ArticlePicture":[],"TitleCN":null,"AbstractTextCN":null,"PMCID":"","EPubDate":null,"PubModel":null,"JCR":null,"JCRName":null,"Score":null,"Total":0}
引用次数: 0
Exploring scientific misconduct in Morocco based on an analysis of plagiarism perception in a cohort of 1,220 researchers and students. 根据对 1220 名研究人员和学生的剽窃行为认知分析,探讨摩洛哥的科研不端行为。
IF 3.4 1区 哲学
Accountability in Research-Policies and Quality Assurance Pub Date : 2024-12-01 Epub Date: 2022-08-18 DOI: 10.1080/08989621.2022.2110866
Khalid El Bairi, Nadia El Kadmiri, Maryam Fourtassi
{"title":"Exploring scientific misconduct in Morocco based on an analysis of plagiarism perception in a cohort of 1,220 researchers and students.","authors":"Khalid El Bairi, Nadia El Kadmiri, Maryam Fourtassi","doi":"10.1080/08989621.2022.2110866","DOIUrl":"10.1080/08989621.2022.2110866","url":null,"abstract":"<p><p>Plagiarism is widely regarded as an issue of low- and middle-income countries because of several factors such as the lack of ethics policy and poor research training. In Morocco, plagiarism and its perception by academics has not been investigated on a large scale. In this study, we evaluated different aspects of plagiarism among scholars based on a 23-question cross-sectional survey. Factors associated with plagiarism were explored using contingency tables and logistic regression. The survey results covered all public universities (n=12) and included 1,220 recorded responses. The academic level was significantly associated with plagiarism (p<0.001). Having publication records was statistically associated with a reduced plagiarism (p=0.002). Notably, the ability of participants to correctly define plagiarism was also significantly associated with a reduced plagiarism misconduct (p<0.001). Unintentional plagiarism (p<0.001), time constraint to write an original text (p<0.001), and inability of participants to paraphrase (p<0.001) were associated factors with plagiarism. Moreover, participants that considered plagiarism as a serious issue in academic research had significantly committed less plagiarism (p<0.001). The current study showed that various actionable factors associated with plagiarism can be targeted by educational interventions, and therefore, it provided the rationale to build training programs on research integrity in Morocco.</p>","PeriodicalId":50927,"journal":{"name":"Accountability in Research-Policies and Quality Assurance","volume":null,"pages":null},"PeriodicalIF":3.4,"publicationDate":"2024-12-01","publicationTypes":"Journal Article","fieldsOfStudy":null,"isOpenAccess":false,"openAccessPdf":"","citationCount":null,"resultStr":null,"platform":"Semanticscholar","paperid":"40689629","PeriodicalName":null,"FirstCategoryId":null,"ListUrlMain":null,"RegionNum":1,"RegionCategory":"哲学","ArticlePicture":[],"TitleCN":null,"AbstractTextCN":null,"PMCID":"","EPubDate":null,"PubModel":null,"JCR":null,"JCRName":null,"Score":null,"Total":0}
引用次数: 0
New collaborative statement by bioethics journal editors on generative AI use. 《生物伦理学杂志》编辑关于生成人工智能使用的新合作声明。
IF 3.4 1区 哲学
Accountability in Research-Policies and Quality Assurance Pub Date : 2024-12-01 Epub Date: 2023-12-26 DOI: 10.1080/08989621.2023.2276169
Lisa M Rasmussen
{"title":"New collaborative statement by bioethics journal editors on generative AI use.","authors":"Lisa M Rasmussen","doi":"10.1080/08989621.2023.2276169","DOIUrl":"10.1080/08989621.2023.2276169","url":null,"abstract":"","PeriodicalId":50927,"journal":{"name":"Accountability in Research-Policies and Quality Assurance","volume":null,"pages":null},"PeriodicalIF":3.4,"publicationDate":"2024-12-01","publicationTypes":"Journal Article","fieldsOfStudy":null,"isOpenAccess":false,"openAccessPdf":"","citationCount":null,"resultStr":null,"platform":"Semanticscholar","paperid":"71428793","PeriodicalName":null,"FirstCategoryId":null,"ListUrlMain":null,"RegionNum":1,"RegionCategory":"哲学","ArticlePicture":[],"TitleCN":null,"AbstractTextCN":null,"PMCID":"","EPubDate":null,"PubModel":null,"JCR":null,"JCRName":null,"Score":null,"Total":0}
引用次数: 0
Citation bias, diversity, and ethics. 引文偏见、多样性和道德规范。
IF 3.4 1区 哲学
Accountability in Research-Policies and Quality Assurance Pub Date : 2024-12-01 Epub Date: 2022-08-18 DOI: 10.1080/08989621.2022.2111257
Keisha S Ray, Perry Zurn, Jordan D Dworkin, Dani S Bassett, David B Resnik
{"title":"Citation bias, diversity, and ethics.","authors":"Keisha S Ray, Perry Zurn, Jordan D Dworkin, Dani S Bassett, David B Resnik","doi":"10.1080/08989621.2022.2111257","DOIUrl":"10.1080/08989621.2022.2111257","url":null,"abstract":"<p><p>How often a researcher is cited usually plays a decisive role in that person's career advancement, because academic institutions often use citation metrics, either explicitly or implicitly, to estimate research impact and productivity. Research has shown, however, that citation patterns and practices are affected by various biases, including the prestige of the authors being cited and their gender, race, and nationality, whether self-attested or perceived. Some commentators have proposed that researchers can address biases related to social identity or position by including a Citation Diversity Statement in a manuscript submitted for publication. A Citation Diversity Statement is a paragraph placed before the reference section of a manuscript in which the authors address the diversity and equitability of their references in terms of gender, race, ethnicity, or other factors and affirm a commitment to promoting equity and diversity in sources and references. The present commentary considers arguments in favor of Citation Diversity Statements, and some practical and ethical issues that these statements raise.</p>","PeriodicalId":50927,"journal":{"name":"Accountability in Research-Policies and Quality Assurance","volume":null,"pages":null},"PeriodicalIF":3.4,"publicationDate":"2024-12-01","publicationTypes":"Journal Article","fieldsOfStudy":null,"isOpenAccess":false,"openAccessPdf":"https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC9938084/pdf/","citationCount":null,"resultStr":null,"platform":"Semanticscholar","paperid":"10799570","PeriodicalName":null,"FirstCategoryId":null,"ListUrlMain":null,"RegionNum":1,"RegionCategory":"哲学","ArticlePicture":[],"TitleCN":null,"AbstractTextCN":null,"PMCID":"OA","EPubDate":null,"PubModel":null,"JCR":null,"JCRName":null,"Score":null,"Total":0}
引用次数: 0
Characteristics of blacklisted journals: Evidence from Chinese-language academic journals. 黑名单期刊的特征:中文学术期刊的证据。
IF 3.4 1区 哲学
Accountability in Research-Policies and Quality Assurance Pub Date : 2024-12-01 Epub Date: 2022-08-18 DOI: 10.1080/08989621.2022.2112953
Gengyan Tang, Jingwen Jia
{"title":"Characteristics of blacklisted journals: Evidence from Chinese-language academic journals.","authors":"Gengyan Tang, Jingwen Jia","doi":"10.1080/08989621.2022.2112953","DOIUrl":"10.1080/08989621.2022.2112953","url":null,"abstract":"<p><p>Some institutions have issued blacklists of academic journals in China and use them as a basis for research evaluation. However, due to a lack of transparent formulation criteria, the characteristics of blacklisted journals remain unclear. Using blacklisted academic journals of the East China University of Political Science and Law, this study analyzed differences in characteristics between blacklisted and non-blacklisted journals via web surveys and statistical analyses. Statistically significant differences were detected for article review time, article processing charges (APCs), the number of editorial board members, and the journal impact factor. There was no significant difference in the number of editors. While there is scientific merit in creating and publishing a blacklist of academic journals, the list development process requires more rigorous evaluation and a public process of development.</p>","PeriodicalId":50927,"journal":{"name":"Accountability in Research-Policies and Quality Assurance","volume":null,"pages":null},"PeriodicalIF":3.4,"publicationDate":"2024-12-01","publicationTypes":"Journal Article","fieldsOfStudy":null,"isOpenAccess":false,"openAccessPdf":"","citationCount":null,"resultStr":null,"platform":"Semanticscholar","paperid":"40699532","PeriodicalName":null,"FirstCategoryId":null,"ListUrlMain":null,"RegionNum":1,"RegionCategory":"哲学","ArticlePicture":[],"TitleCN":null,"AbstractTextCN":null,"PMCID":"","EPubDate":null,"PubModel":null,"JCR":null,"JCRName":null,"Score":null,"Total":0}
引用次数: 0
Status bias in Chinese scholarly publishing: an exploratory study based on mixed methods. 中国学术出版中的身份偏见:一项基于混合方法的探索性研究。
IF 3.4 1区 哲学
Accountability in Research-Policies and Quality Assurance Pub Date : 2024-12-01 Epub Date: 2022-09-01 DOI: 10.1080/08989621.2022.2117621
Gengyan Tang, Hao Cai, Jingwen Jia
{"title":"Status bias in Chinese scholarly publishing: an exploratory study based on mixed methods.","authors":"Gengyan Tang, Hao Cai, Jingwen Jia","doi":"10.1080/08989621.2022.2117621","DOIUrl":"10.1080/08989621.2022.2117621","url":null,"abstract":"<p><p>The academic community requires not only responsible research but also responsible academic journals. An exploratory study of Chinese-language academic journals that used mixed methods found Chinese-language academic journals on the humanities and social sciences exhibiting a widespread status bias. Most of them summarily rejected submissions from junior researchers and students without paying due attention to the quality of the research itself. The main reasons for this problem are editorial department resources, the scientific research evaluation system, the editorial department culture, and the wider academic environment. This study recommends that Chinese-language academic journals join the Committee on Publication Ethics, other publishing ethics organizations, and the \"Responsible Journals\" program as soon as possible.</p>","PeriodicalId":50927,"journal":{"name":"Accountability in Research-Policies and Quality Assurance","volume":null,"pages":null},"PeriodicalIF":3.4,"publicationDate":"2024-12-01","publicationTypes":"Journal Article","fieldsOfStudy":null,"isOpenAccess":false,"openAccessPdf":"","citationCount":null,"resultStr":null,"platform":"Semanticscholar","paperid":"40422756","PeriodicalName":null,"FirstCategoryId":null,"ListUrlMain":null,"RegionNum":1,"RegionCategory":"哲学","ArticlePicture":[],"TitleCN":null,"AbstractTextCN":null,"PMCID":"","EPubDate":null,"PubModel":null,"JCR":null,"JCRName":null,"Score":null,"Total":0}
引用次数: 0
Industry effects on evidence: a case study of long-acting injectable antipsychotics. 工业对证据的影响:长效注射抗精神病药物的案例研究。
IF 3.4 1区 哲学
Accountability in Research-Policies and Quality Assurance Pub Date : 2024-12-01 Epub Date: 2022-06-07 DOI: 10.1080/08989621.2022.2082289
Lisa Cosgrove, Barbara Mintzes, Harold J Bursztajn, Gianna D'Ambrozio, Allen F Shaughnessy
{"title":"Industry effects on evidence: a case study of long-acting injectable antipsychotics.","authors":"Lisa Cosgrove, Barbara Mintzes, Harold J Bursztajn, Gianna D'Ambrozio, Allen F Shaughnessy","doi":"10.1080/08989621.2022.2082289","DOIUrl":"10.1080/08989621.2022.2082289","url":null,"abstract":"<p><p>A vigorously debated issue in the psychiatric literature is whether long-acting injectable antipsychotics (LAIs) show clinical benefit over antipsychotics taken orally. In addressing this question, it is critical that systematic reviews incorporate risk of bias assessments of trial data in a robust way and are free of undue industry influence. In this paper, we present a case analysis in which we identify some of the design problems in a recent systematic review on LAIs vs oral formulations. This case illustrates how evidence syntheses that are shaped by commercial interests may undermine patient-centered models of recovery and care. We offer recommendations that address both the bioethical and research design issues that arise in the systematic review process when researchers have financial conflicts of interest.</p>","PeriodicalId":50927,"journal":{"name":"Accountability in Research-Policies and Quality Assurance","volume":null,"pages":null},"PeriodicalIF":3.4,"publicationDate":"2024-12-01","publicationTypes":"Journal Article","fieldsOfStudy":null,"isOpenAccess":false,"openAccessPdf":"","citationCount":null,"resultStr":null,"platform":"Semanticscholar","paperid":"45127193","PeriodicalName":null,"FirstCategoryId":null,"ListUrlMain":null,"RegionNum":1,"RegionCategory":"哲学","ArticlePicture":[],"TitleCN":null,"AbstractTextCN":null,"PMCID":"","EPubDate":null,"PubModel":null,"JCR":null,"JCRName":null,"Score":null,"Total":0}
引用次数: 0
A randomized trial alerting authors, with or without coauthors or editors, that research they cited in systematic reviews and guidelines has been retracted. 一项随机试验,提醒作者(无论有无共同作者或编辑)他们在系统综述和指南中引用的研究已被撤回。
IF 3.4 1区 哲学
Accountability in Research-Policies and Quality Assurance Pub Date : 2024-12-01 Epub Date: 2022-06-26 DOI: 10.1080/08989621.2022.2082290
Alison Avenell, Mark J Bolland, Greg D Gamble, Andrew Grey
{"title":"A randomized trial alerting authors, with or without coauthors or editors, that research they cited in systematic reviews and guidelines has been retracted.","authors":"Alison Avenell, Mark J Bolland, Greg D Gamble, Andrew Grey","doi":"10.1080/08989621.2022.2082290","DOIUrl":"10.1080/08989621.2022.2082290","url":null,"abstract":"<p><p>Retracted clinical trials may be influential in citing systematic reviews and clinical guidelines. We assessed the influence of 27 retracted trials on systematic reviews and clinical guidelines (citing publications), then alerted authors to these retractions. Citing publications were randomized to up to three e-mails to contact author with/without up to two coauthors, with/without the editor. After one year we assessed corrective action. We included 88 citing publications; 51% (45/88) had findings likely to change if retracted trials were removed, 87% (39/45) likely substantially. 51% (44/86) of contacted citing publications replied. Including three authors rather than the contact author alone was more likely to elicit a reply (P = 0.03). Including the editor did not increase replies (P = 0.66). Whether findings were judged likely to change, and size of the likely change, had no effect on response rate or action taken. One year after e-mails were sent only nine publications had published notifications. E-Mail alerts to authors and editors are inadequate to correct the impact of retracted publications in citing systematic reviews and guidelines. Changes to bibliographic and referencing systems, and submission processes are needed. Citing publications with retracted citations should be marked until authors resolve concerns.</p>","PeriodicalId":50927,"journal":{"name":"Accountability in Research-Policies and Quality Assurance","volume":null,"pages":null},"PeriodicalIF":3.4,"publicationDate":"2024-12-01","publicationTypes":"Journal Article","fieldsOfStudy":null,"isOpenAccess":false,"openAccessPdf":"","citationCount":null,"resultStr":null,"platform":"Semanticscholar","paperid":"10796932","PeriodicalName":null,"FirstCategoryId":null,"ListUrlMain":null,"RegionNum":1,"RegionCategory":"哲学","ArticlePicture":[],"TitleCN":null,"AbstractTextCN":null,"PMCID":"","EPubDate":null,"PubModel":null,"JCR":null,"JCRName":null,"Score":null,"Total":0}
引用次数: 5
De-naturalizing the "predatory": A study of "bogus" publications at public sector universities in Pakistan. 去 "掠夺性 "化:巴基斯坦公立大学 "假 "出版物研究。
IF 3.4 1区 哲学
Accountability in Research-Policies and Quality Assurance Pub Date : 2024-12-01 Epub Date: 2022-08-01 DOI: 10.1080/08989621.2022.2106424
Waqar Ali Shah, Rukhsana Ali, Asadullah Lashari
{"title":"De-naturalizing the \"predatory\": A study of \"bogus\" publications at public sector universities in Pakistan.","authors":"Waqar Ali Shah, Rukhsana Ali, Asadullah Lashari","doi":"10.1080/08989621.2022.2106424","DOIUrl":"10.1080/08989621.2022.2106424","url":null,"abstract":"<p><p>Predatory publishing has recently emerged as a menace in academia. University professors and researchers often exploit this practice for their economic gains and institutional prestige. The present study investigates such existing predatory publishing practices in Pakistani public sector universities drawing on the notion of symbolic violence. For this purpose, we analyzed 495 articles published by 50 university professors in the social sciences and humanities over the period 2017-2021. We also conducted semi-structured interviews with 20 postgraduate students to gather their perspectives on publishing practices. The study shows that 69% of the sample papers were published in predatory journals, as identified in Pakistan's Higher Education Commission's (HEC) online journal recognition system (HJRS). Postgraduate students' insights inform the study that the students misrecognize these malpractices in academia as a problem what is referred to as \"symbolic violence.\" Consequently, they engage in the process to increase their publications. Such publications enable both the university professors and the students to achieve the desired benefit, such as promotions, tenure, and academic degrees. We recommend that this practice must be altered at the policy level since it not only violates the HEC's standards for quality research but also damages the researchers' credibility and country's scientific reputation.</p>","PeriodicalId":50927,"journal":{"name":"Accountability in Research-Policies and Quality Assurance","volume":null,"pages":null},"PeriodicalIF":3.4,"publicationDate":"2024-12-01","publicationTypes":"Journal Article","fieldsOfStudy":null,"isOpenAccess":false,"openAccessPdf":"","citationCount":null,"resultStr":null,"platform":"Semanticscholar","paperid":"40624470","PeriodicalName":null,"FirstCategoryId":null,"ListUrlMain":null,"RegionNum":1,"RegionCategory":"哲学","ArticlePicture":[],"TitleCN":null,"AbstractTextCN":null,"PMCID":"","EPubDate":null,"PubModel":null,"JCR":null,"JCRName":null,"Score":null,"Total":0}
引用次数: 0
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