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Systemic Silencing: Activism, Memory and Sexual Violence in Indonesia 系统性沉默:印度尼西亚的激进主义、记忆与性暴力
IF 0.5
Japanese Studies Pub Date : 2024-06-29 DOI: 10.1080/10371397.2024.2373696
Caroline Norma
{"title":"Systemic Silencing: Activism, Memory and Sexual Violence in Indonesia","authors":"Caroline Norma","doi":"10.1080/10371397.2024.2373696","DOIUrl":"https://doi.org/10.1080/10371397.2024.2373696","url":null,"abstract":"Published in Japanese Studies (Ahead of Print, 2024)","PeriodicalId":44839,"journal":{"name":"Japanese Studies","volume":null,"pages":null},"PeriodicalIF":0.5,"publicationDate":"2024-06-29","publicationTypes":"Journal Article","fieldsOfStudy":null,"isOpenAccess":false,"openAccessPdf":"","citationCount":null,"resultStr":null,"platform":"Semanticscholar","paperid":"141588070","PeriodicalName":null,"FirstCategoryId":null,"ListUrlMain":null,"RegionNum":0,"RegionCategory":"","ArticlePicture":[],"TitleCN":null,"AbstractTextCN":null,"PMCID":"","EPubDate":null,"PubModel":null,"JCR":null,"JCRName":null,"Score":null,"Total":0}
引用次数: 0
Mapping and ‘stage-managing’ elections in the long eighteenth century: electoral culture, popular politics and the rhetoric of political space 绘制和 "舞台化 "十八世纪长时期的选举:选举文化、大众政治和政治空间修辞
IF 0.4 2区 历史学
Historical Research Pub Date : 2024-06-22 DOI: 10.1093/hisres/htae008
Kendra Packham
{"title":"Mapping and ‘stage-managing’ elections in the long eighteenth century: electoral culture, popular politics and the rhetoric of political space","authors":"Kendra Packham","doi":"10.1093/hisres/htae008","DOIUrl":"https://doi.org/10.1093/hisres/htae008","url":null,"abstract":"This article uses diverse forms of electoral culture – including newspapers and magazines, election plays and ballads – to recover an overlooked aspect of perceptions of political corruption in the ‘pre-Reform’ era: the partisan control of electoral space. These forms also present new perspectives on the political engagement of voters and non-voters, showing how perceived spatial corruption was actively exposed to public view. In the process, the article unearths a multimedia precursor to Hogarth’s famous series on the ‘humours’ of an election, which combines text, mapping and visual satire to challenge the legitimacy of an election result, and how the dynamic interplay between drama and electoral culture – including the contemporary puppet play – helped to popularize opposition to the ‘stage-managing’ of elections. Election ‘mapping’ affords new avenues into the eighteenth century as an age both of perceived corruption and of active challenges to that corruption.","PeriodicalId":13059,"journal":{"name":"Historical Research","volume":null,"pages":null},"PeriodicalIF":0.4,"publicationDate":"2024-06-22","publicationTypes":"Journal Article","fieldsOfStudy":null,"isOpenAccess":false,"openAccessPdf":"","citationCount":null,"resultStr":null,"platform":"Semanticscholar","paperid":"141509677","PeriodicalName":null,"FirstCategoryId":null,"ListUrlMain":null,"RegionNum":2,"RegionCategory":"历史学","ArticlePicture":[],"TitleCN":null,"AbstractTextCN":null,"PMCID":"","EPubDate":null,"PubModel":null,"JCR":null,"JCRName":null,"Score":null,"Total":0}
引用次数: 0
Historic doubts about the survival of the Princes in the Tower after 1485 关于 1485 年后塔中王子的存活的历史疑点
IF 0.4 2区 历史学
Historical Research Pub Date : 2024-06-21 DOI: 10.1093/hisres/htae009
Michael Hicks
{"title":"Historic doubts about the survival of the Princes in the Tower after 1485","authors":"Michael Hicks","doi":"10.1093/hisres/htae009","DOIUrl":"https://doi.org/10.1093/hisres/htae009","url":null,"abstract":"This note assesses Philippa Langley’s four proofs for the survival of the two Princes in the Tower after 1485. Neither the Lille document nor supporting evidences prove that Lambert Simnel was really Edward V rather than Edward, earl of Warwick. The Gelderland manifesto recounting the escape of Richard, duke of York and the pretender’s pledge to Duke Albert of Saxony were propaganda as necessary for the imposter Perkin Warbeck as for the real prince. The blemishes of Warbeck’s body cannot be shown to identify him as the younger prince. While useful additions to the continental plots against Henry VII, these new evidences do not prove that either prince lived beyond the reign of Richard III.","PeriodicalId":13059,"journal":{"name":"Historical Research","volume":null,"pages":null},"PeriodicalIF":0.4,"publicationDate":"2024-06-21","publicationTypes":"Journal Article","fieldsOfStudy":null,"isOpenAccess":false,"openAccessPdf":"","citationCount":null,"resultStr":null,"platform":"Semanticscholar","paperid":"141509648","PeriodicalName":null,"FirstCategoryId":null,"ListUrlMain":null,"RegionNum":2,"RegionCategory":"历史学","ArticlePicture":[],"TitleCN":null,"AbstractTextCN":null,"PMCID":"","EPubDate":null,"PubModel":null,"JCR":null,"JCRName":null,"Score":null,"Total":0}
引用次数: 0
A climate of fear? The Scottish universities and the question of devolution, 1974–9 恐惧气氛?苏格兰大学与权力下放问题,1974-2009 年
IF 0.4 2区 历史学
Historical Research Pub Date : 2024-06-13 DOI: 10.1093/hisres/htae007
Ewen A.B. Cameron
{"title":"A climate of fear? The Scottish universities and the question of devolution, 1974–9","authors":"Ewen A.B. Cameron","doi":"10.1093/hisres/htae007","DOIUrl":"https://doi.org/10.1093/hisres/htae007","url":null,"abstract":"\u0000 This article seeks to examine the debate in the Scottish universities during the 1974–9 period, when the Labour government proposed to create a devolved Scottish Assembly. An anti-devolution consensus among university leaders is analysed and the arguments for and against devolution are considered. The article discusses the way in which the perceived result of devolution would be ‘parochialism’, while the advantages of the status quo were seen as ‘internationalist’. Nationalist critiques of the ‘Anglocentric’ universities are discussed. The arguments for devolution centred on bringing the Scottish universities into an integrated system of post-16 education in Scotland. Student opinion, as well as the views of senior academics, is noted. The debate is contextualized as part of the discussion of the merits of devolution but also as part of wider debates about the governance of the university system in Britain in the 1970s. The operation of the University Grants Committee was coming under severe stress as a result of wider economic conditions, and the Scottish debate is seen as part of a wider series of questions about the autonomy of universities from the state. The apparent paradox between the veneration of the British grants committee and the emphasis on the traditions of higher education in Scottish culture and identity are also discussed.","PeriodicalId":13059,"journal":{"name":"Historical Research","volume":null,"pages":null},"PeriodicalIF":0.4,"publicationDate":"2024-06-13","publicationTypes":"Journal Article","fieldsOfStudy":null,"isOpenAccess":false,"openAccessPdf":"","citationCount":null,"resultStr":null,"platform":"Semanticscholar","paperid":"141345877","PeriodicalName":null,"FirstCategoryId":null,"ListUrlMain":null,"RegionNum":2,"RegionCategory":"历史学","ArticlePicture":[],"TitleCN":null,"AbstractTextCN":null,"PMCID":"","EPubDate":null,"PubModel":null,"JCR":null,"JCRName":null,"Score":null,"Total":0}
引用次数: 0
[Xuezheng Quanji, the earliest monograph on blood disorder]. [学政全集》,最早的血液病专著]。
Zhonghua yi shi za zhi (Beijing, China : 1980) Pub Date : 2024-05-28 DOI: 10.3760/cma.j.cn112155-20230717-00003
X Y Zhang, Z B Zhang
{"title":"[<i>Xuezheng Quanji</i>, the earliest monograph on blood disorder].","authors":"X Y Zhang, Z B Zhang","doi":"10.3760/cma.j.cn112155-20230717-00003","DOIUrl":"https://doi.org/10.3760/cma.j.cn112155-20230717-00003","url":null,"abstract":"<p><p><i>Xuezheng Quanji</i>(«») written by Sun Guangyu, a doctor in the Ming Dynasty, is the first known book on blood disorders in China. The book mainly deals with bleeding. The book begins with a collection of the <i>Neijing</i> and the treatises of the sages, focusing on systematically summarizing the theories and experiences of the past dynasties in the treatment of bleeding, interspersed with Sun's own opinions.The main part discusses four types of bleeding, summarizing Sun's profound experience in clinical practice, and many of his personal creative opinions.In terms of causes,Sun believed that there are three causes of bleeding and more due to heat. In terms of treatment,he opposed the abuse of bitter cold and attached great importance to nourishing yin and strengthening kidney and proposed four treatment methods of dispelling stasis, nourishing Yin and suppressing Yang, regulating Qi and blood, and tonifying deficiency. He advocated that bleeding should not be treated quickly, and emphasized that the disease should be judged according to the bleeding location and bleeding color to use herbs flexibly.Special attention should be paid to daily life care during and after illness as well.</p>","PeriodicalId":35995,"journal":{"name":"Zhonghua yi shi za zhi (Beijing, China : 1980)","volume":null,"pages":null},"PeriodicalIF":0.0,"publicationDate":"2024-05-28","publicationTypes":"Journal Article","fieldsOfStudy":null,"isOpenAccess":false,"openAccessPdf":"","citationCount":null,"resultStr":null,"platform":"Semanticscholar","paperid":"141581046","PeriodicalName":null,"FirstCategoryId":null,"ListUrlMain":null,"RegionNum":0,"RegionCategory":"","ArticlePicture":[],"TitleCN":null,"AbstractTextCN":null,"PMCID":"","EPubDate":null,"PubModel":null,"JCR":null,"JCRName":null,"Score":null,"Total":0}
引用次数: 0
[The research programs and achievements of Guangxi Provincial Medical College during 1934-1945]. [1934-1945 年广西省立医学院的研究计划和成果]。
Zhonghua yi shi za zhi (Beijing, China : 1980) Pub Date : 2024-05-28 DOI: 10.3760/cma.j.cn112155-20221113-00163
B Z He
{"title":"[The research programs and achievements of Guangxi Provincial Medical College during 1934-1945].","authors":"B Z He","doi":"10.3760/cma.j.cn112155-20221113-00163","DOIUrl":"https://doi.org/10.3760/cma.j.cn112155-20221113-00163","url":null,"abstract":"<p><p>In 1934-1945, Guangxi Provincial Medical College continued to actively conducting scientific research and achieved fruitful results The research areas included medicine and pharmacy, with at least 43 research projects implemented and at least 130 research outputs. These achievements were made in a variety of ways, such as papers, monographs, compilations, anthologies, pharmaceutical products, diagnostic techniques, and instruments for therapy. Some of the achievements were awarded, and some others were widely applied clinically, contributing to the prevention and treatment of war injuries and the protection of people's health.</p>","PeriodicalId":35995,"journal":{"name":"Zhonghua yi shi za zhi (Beijing, China : 1980)","volume":null,"pages":null},"PeriodicalIF":0.0,"publicationDate":"2024-05-28","publicationTypes":"Journal Article","fieldsOfStudy":null,"isOpenAccess":false,"openAccessPdf":"","citationCount":null,"resultStr":null,"platform":"Semanticscholar","paperid":"141581001","PeriodicalName":null,"FirstCategoryId":null,"ListUrlMain":null,"RegionNum":0,"RegionCategory":"","ArticlePicture":[],"TitleCN":null,"AbstractTextCN":null,"PMCID":"","EPubDate":null,"PubModel":null,"JCR":null,"JCRName":null,"Score":null,"Total":0}
引用次数: 0
[The origin and development of Huanglong Decoction]. [黄龙汤的起源与发展]
Zhonghua yi shi za zhi (Beijing, China : 1980) Pub Date : 2024-05-28 DOI: 10.3760/cma.j.cn112155-20240105-00006
H Zhang, F C Zhang
{"title":"[The origin and development of Huanglong Decoction].","authors":"H Zhang, F C Zhang","doi":"10.3760/cma.j.cn112155-20240105-00006","DOIUrl":"https://doi.org/10.3760/cma.j.cn112155-20240105-00006","url":null,"abstract":"<p><p>\"Different prescriptions with the same name\" is a common phenomenon clinically in traditional Chinese medicine prescriptions. Huanglong Decoction can be regarded as a representative example of this phenomenon with many changes to the contents of the decoction during its development. To clarify and identify the typology of Huanglong Decoction, this paper attempts to explore the origins and evolution of almost all types of Huanglong Decoction with an archival method examining data before 1911. It was found that Huanglong Decoction has at least seven main types: Fecal Liquid, Xiaochaihu Decoction Plus or Minus, Tao's, Taiping Shenghui Fang, Shengji Zonglu, Fu's and Zhulin Gynecology Treatment. Xiaochaihu Decoction Plus or Minus (Xiao Chai Hu Tang Jia Jian) includes four subcategories: Yao's Huanglong Decoction, Gujin Luyan Huanglong Decoction, Leizheng Huorenshu Huanglong Decoction, and Qian's Huanglong Decoction. It was also found that Xinjia Huanglong Decoction is derived from Tao's Huanglong Decoction.</p>","PeriodicalId":35995,"journal":{"name":"Zhonghua yi shi za zhi (Beijing, China : 1980)","volume":null,"pages":null},"PeriodicalIF":0.0,"publicationDate":"2024-05-28","publicationTypes":"Journal Article","fieldsOfStudy":null,"isOpenAccess":false,"openAccessPdf":"","citationCount":null,"resultStr":null,"platform":"Semanticscholar","paperid":"141581000","PeriodicalName":null,"FirstCategoryId":null,"ListUrlMain":null,"RegionNum":0,"RegionCategory":"","ArticlePicture":[],"TitleCN":null,"AbstractTextCN":null,"PMCID":"","EPubDate":null,"PubModel":null,"JCR":null,"JCRName":null,"Score":null,"Total":0}
引用次数: 0
[Jing Xiao Chan Bao collected by the Waseda university library]. [早稻田大学图书馆收藏的《精晓禅书》]。
Zhonghua yi shi za zhi (Beijing, China : 1980) Pub Date : 2024-05-28 DOI: 10.3760/cma.j.cn112155-20240104-00005
Y M Pan, C H Liu, L J Chen, X Y Wang
{"title":"[<i>Jing Xiao Chan Bao</i> collected by the Waseda university library].","authors":"Y M Pan, C H Liu, L J Chen, X Y Wang","doi":"10.3760/cma.j.cn112155-20240104-00005","DOIUrl":"https://doi.org/10.3760/cma.j.cn112155-20240104-00005","url":null,"abstract":"<p><p>The current version of <i>Jing Xiao Chan Bao</i> is believed to be the earliest medical book on gynecology remaining in China. It has three problems: formulae missing, lack of fluency in the text, and thus difficulties in proofreading and editing. These problems are still there because there are very few versions of <i>Jing Xiao Chan Bao</i> left in China and so it is difficult to do further studies to make comparisons. The Waseda University Library announced that the version they held was a handwritten. It provides a new version for further research of this book. This version was believed to be compiled and edited by Japanese scholars based on <i>Medical Prescription Analogues (Yi Fang Lei Ju)</i> and therefore appears to be similar to the South Song Dynasty version. Using archival research, it was found that in the version at Waseda University Library, the content organisation, the number of formulas, and the use of taboo words is different from those in the current version in China. In this sense, it is believed that this version is valuable and meaningful for archival and clinical research for traditional Chinese medicine.</p>","PeriodicalId":35995,"journal":{"name":"Zhonghua yi shi za zhi (Beijing, China : 1980)","volume":null,"pages":null},"PeriodicalIF":0.0,"publicationDate":"2024-05-28","publicationTypes":"Journal Article","fieldsOfStudy":null,"isOpenAccess":false,"openAccessPdf":"","citationCount":null,"resultStr":null,"platform":"Semanticscholar","paperid":"141581045","PeriodicalName":null,"FirstCategoryId":null,"ListUrlMain":null,"RegionNum":0,"RegionCategory":"","ArticlePicture":[],"TitleCN":null,"AbstractTextCN":null,"PMCID":"","EPubDate":null,"PubModel":null,"JCR":null,"JCRName":null,"Score":null,"Total":0}
引用次数: 0
[Medical related content in Macao Newsprint in the Late Qing Dynasty]. [晚清时期澳门新闻纸中与医学有关的内容]。
Zhonghua yi shi za zhi (Beijing, China : 1980) Pub Date : 2024-05-28 DOI: 10.3760/cma.j.cn112155-20231206-00066
J D Hao, B Wang
{"title":"[Medical related content in <i>Macao Newsprint</i> in the Late Qing Dynasty].","authors":"J D Hao, B Wang","doi":"10.3760/cma.j.cn112155-20231206-00066","DOIUrl":"https://doi.org/10.3760/cma.j.cn112155-20231206-00066","url":null,"abstract":"<p><p><i>Macao Newsprint</i>, which was an important tool for Lin Zexu to get acquainted with foreign affairs, was the first translated newspaper in Chinese history. The translation and compilation of news information related to Western medicine in <i>Macao Newsprint</i> was an active attempt by Chinese people to open their eyes to Western medicine. The two pieces of news related to Western medicine in <i>Macao Newsprint</i>, which presented the medical ethics, medical skills and doctor-patient relationship in the Western medicine, are precious historical materials on the exchange of Chinese and Western medicine. The expressions in the two pieces of translated news in which the foreigners might have praised their own medicine had a certain influence on the medical views of the late Qing scholars represented by Lin Zexu, and thus had a positive impact on the dissemination of Western medicine in China.</p>","PeriodicalId":35995,"journal":{"name":"Zhonghua yi shi za zhi (Beijing, China : 1980)","volume":null,"pages":null},"PeriodicalIF":0.0,"publicationDate":"2024-05-28","publicationTypes":"Journal Article","fieldsOfStudy":null,"isOpenAccess":false,"openAccessPdf":"","citationCount":null,"resultStr":null,"platform":"Semanticscholar","paperid":"141581048","PeriodicalName":null,"FirstCategoryId":null,"ListUrlMain":null,"RegionNum":0,"RegionCategory":"","ArticlePicture":[],"TitleCN":null,"AbstractTextCN":null,"PMCID":"","EPubDate":null,"PubModel":null,"JCR":null,"JCRName":null,"Score":null,"Total":0}
引用次数: 0
[The first translation on pediatrics: Er Ke Cuo Yao]. [儿科第一译:《二科要览》]。
Zhonghua yi shi za zhi (Beijing, China : 1980) Pub Date : 2024-05-28 DOI: 10.3760/cma.j.cn112155-20221221-00181
J Y Ren
{"title":"[The first translation on pediatrics: <i>Er Ke Cuo Yao</i>].","authors":"J Y Ren","doi":"10.3760/cma.j.cn112155-20221221-00181","DOIUrl":"https://doi.org/10.3760/cma.j.cn112155-20221221-00181","url":null,"abstract":"<p><p><i>Er Ke Cuo Yao</i>(The Pediatric Summary) is the first monograph on pediatrics of Western medicine translated and introduced in the late Qing Dynasty. It occupies an important position in the history of the development of modern pediatrics and modern Western medicine in China. Edited by American missionary Mary Hannah Fulton and translated by Chinese Western medicine scholar Yin Duanmo, the book consists of 2 volumes and 14 books, including general discussion of pediatrics, diagnosis of pediatric diseases, and discussion on teething, throat diseases, gastrointestinal diseases, worms, liver diseases, abdominal epimesis, and new infectious diseases, etc. covering the diagnosis, treatment, maintenance and other knowledge of Western medical pediatrics. The source of <i>Er Ke Cuo Yao</i> is not yet available, but it may be a synthesis of various materials, and the translation uses paraphrasing, transliteration, and traditional Chinese medicine terminology, and the language is easy to understand. <i>Er Ke Cuo Yao</i> reflects the level of development of pediatrics in Western medicine in the early modern period, makes up for the lack of pediatrics knowledge of traditional Chinese medicine, and plays an active role in the diagnosis and treatment of common pediatric diseases, epidemiological diseases, surgical diseases, and malnutrition prevention.</p>","PeriodicalId":35995,"journal":{"name":"Zhonghua yi shi za zhi (Beijing, China : 1980)","volume":null,"pages":null},"PeriodicalIF":0.0,"publicationDate":"2024-05-28","publicationTypes":"Journal Article","fieldsOfStudy":null,"isOpenAccess":false,"openAccessPdf":"","citationCount":null,"resultStr":null,"platform":"Semanticscholar","paperid":"141581051","PeriodicalName":null,"FirstCategoryId":null,"ListUrlMain":null,"RegionNum":0,"RegionCategory":"","ArticlePicture":[],"TitleCN":null,"AbstractTextCN":null,"PMCID":"","EPubDate":null,"PubModel":null,"JCR":null,"JCRName":null,"Score":null,"Total":0}
引用次数: 0
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