物理与天体物理最新文献

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New signature of low mass Z′ in J/ψ decays* * Supported in part by the National Key Research and Development Program of China under (2020YFC2201501) and the National Natural Science Foundation of China (NSFC) (12347103, 12205063) 低质量Z′在J/ψ衰变中的新特征* * 国家重点研发计划(2020YFC2201501)和国家自然科学基金(12347103,12205063)的部分资助
IF 3.6 2区 物理与天体物理
Chinese Physics C Pub Date : 2024-08-01 DOI: 10.1088/1674-1137/ad53b6
Chao-Qiang Geng, Chia-Wei Liu, Jiabao Zhang
{"title":"New signature of low mass Z′ in J/ψ decays* * Supported in part by the National Key Research and Development Program of China under (2020YFC2201501) and the National Natural Science Foundation of China (NSFC) (12347103, 12205063)","authors":"Chao-Qiang Geng, Chia-Wei Liu, Jiabao Zhang","doi":"10.1088/1674-1137/ad53b6","DOIUrl":"https://doi.org/10.1088/1674-1137/ad53b6","url":null,"abstract":"We explored a new approach to search for a low-mass <inline-formula>\u0000<tex-math><?CDATA $ Z^{prime} $?></tex-math>\u0000<inline-graphic xlink:href=\"cpc_48_8_081001_M3.jpg\" xlink:type=\"simple\"></inline-graphic>\u0000</inline-formula> particle through <inline-formula>\u0000<tex-math><?CDATA $ J/psi $?></tex-math>\u0000<inline-graphic xlink:href=\"cpc_48_8_081001_M4.jpg\" xlink:type=\"simple\"></inline-graphic>\u0000</inline-formula> decays by identifying its existence through parity-violating phenomena in the isospin-violating final states of <inline-formula>\u0000<tex-math><?CDATA $ Lambdaoverline{Sigma}^{0} $?></tex-math>\u0000<inline-graphic xlink:href=\"cpc_48_8_081001_M5.jpg\" xlink:type=\"simple\"></inline-graphic>\u0000</inline-formula> and the corresponding charge conjugated states of <inline-formula>\u0000<tex-math><?CDATA $ overline{Lambda}Sigma^{0} $?></tex-math>\u0000<inline-graphic xlink:href=\"cpc_48_8_081001_M6.jpg\" xlink:type=\"simple\"></inline-graphic>\u0000</inline-formula>. Our investigation centered on a generation-independent and leptophobic <inline-formula>\u0000<tex-math><?CDATA $ Z^{prime} $?></tex-math>\u0000<inline-graphic xlink:href=\"cpc_48_8_081001_M7.jpg\" xlink:type=\"simple\"></inline-graphic>\u0000</inline-formula> with mass below 10 GeV. Given the present experimental conditions at Beijing Spectrometer III (BESIII) and the anticipated opportunities at the Super Tau Charm Factory (STCF), we conducted Monte-Carlo simulations to predict possible events at both facilities. Notably, we foresee a substantial enhancement in the precision of the lower limit estimation of <inline-formula>\u0000<tex-math><?CDATA $ alpha_{text{NP}} $?></tex-math>\u0000<inline-graphic xlink:href=\"cpc_48_8_081001_M8.jpg\" xlink:type=\"simple\"></inline-graphic>\u0000</inline-formula> as well as a reduction in statistical uncertainty with upcoming STCF experiments. Furthermore, it is essential to highlight that a null result in the measurement of <inline-formula>\u0000<tex-math><?CDATA $ alpha_{text{NP}} $?></tex-math>\u0000<inline-graphic xlink:href=\"cpc_48_8_081001_M9.jpg\" xlink:type=\"simple\"></inline-graphic>\u0000</inline-formula> would impose stringent constraints, requiring the <inline-formula>\u0000<tex-math><?CDATA $ Z^{prime}-q-q $?></tex-math>\u0000<inline-graphic xlink:href=\"cpc_48_8_081001_M10.jpg\" xlink:type=\"simple\"></inline-graphic>\u0000</inline-formula> couplings to be in the order of <inline-formula>\u0000<tex-math><?CDATA $ 10^{-2} $?></tex-math>\u0000<inline-graphic xlink:href=\"cpc_48_8_081001_M11.jpg\" xlink:type=\"simple\"></inline-graphic>\u0000</inline-formula>.","PeriodicalId":10250,"journal":{"name":"Chinese Physics C","volume":null,"pages":null},"PeriodicalIF":3.6,"publicationDate":"2024-08-01","publicationTypes":"Journal Article","fieldsOfStudy":null,"isOpenAccess":false,"openAccessPdf":"","citationCount":null,"resultStr":null,"platform":"Semanticscholar","paperid":"141566845","PeriodicalName":null,"FirstCategoryId":null,"ListUrlMain":null,"RegionNum":2,"RegionCategory":"物理与天体物理","ArticlePicture":[],"TitleCN":null,"AbstractTextCN":null,"PMCID":"","EPubDate":null,"PubModel":null,"JCR":null,"JCRName":null,"Score":null,"Total":0}
引用次数: 0
Invisible and semi-invisible decays of bottom baryons* * The work is partly Supported by the National Key Research and Development Program of China (2020YFA0406400, 2023YFA1606000), and the National Natural Science Foundation of China (12335003, 12275277) 底重子的隐形和半隐形衰变* * 本研究得到国家重点研发计划(2020YFA0406400,2023YFA1606000)和国家自然科学基金(12335003,12275277)的部分资助。
IF 3.6 2区 物理与天体物理
Chinese Physics C Pub Date : 2024-08-01 DOI: 10.1088/1674-1137/ad4afa
Yong Zheng, Jian-Nan Ding, Dong-Hao Li, Lei-Yi Li, Cai-Dian Lü, Fu-Sheng Yu
{"title":"Invisible and semi-invisible decays of bottom baryons* * The work is partly Supported by the National Key Research and Development Program of China (2020YFA0406400, 2023YFA1606000), and the National Natural Science Foundation of China (12335003, 12275277)","authors":"Yong Zheng, Jian-Nan Ding, Dong-Hao Li, Lei-Yi Li, Cai-Dian Lü, Fu-Sheng Yu","doi":"10.1088/1674-1137/ad4afa","DOIUrl":"https://doi.org/10.1088/1674-1137/ad4afa","url":null,"abstract":"The similar densities of dark matter and baryons in the universe imply that they may arise from the same ultraviolet model. <italic toggle=\"yes\">B</italic>-Mesogenesis, which assumes dark matter is charged under the baryon number, attempts to simultaneously explain the origin of baryon asymmetry and dark matter in the universe. In particular, <italic toggle=\"yes\">B</italic>-Mesogenesis may induce bottom-baryon decays into invisible or semi-invisible final states, which provide a distinctive signal for probing this scenario. In this work, we systematically study the invisible decays of bottom baryons into dark matter and the semi-invisible decays of bottom baryons into a meson or a photon together with a dark matter particle. In particular, the fully invisible decay can reveal the stable particles in <italic toggle=\"yes\">B</italic>-Mesogenesis. Some QCD-based frameworks are used to calculate the hadronic matrix elements under the <italic toggle=\"yes\">B</italic>-Mesogenesis model. We estimate the constraints on the Wilson coefficients or the product of some new physics couplings with the Wilson coefficients according to the semi-invisible and invisible decays of bottom baryons detectable at future colliders.","PeriodicalId":10250,"journal":{"name":"Chinese Physics C","volume":null,"pages":null},"PeriodicalIF":3.6,"publicationDate":"2024-08-01","publicationTypes":"Journal Article","fieldsOfStudy":null,"isOpenAccess":false,"openAccessPdf":"","citationCount":null,"resultStr":null,"platform":"Semanticscholar","paperid":"141577567","PeriodicalName":null,"FirstCategoryId":null,"ListUrlMain":null,"RegionNum":2,"RegionCategory":"物理与天体物理","ArticlePicture":[],"TitleCN":null,"AbstractTextCN":null,"PMCID":"","EPubDate":null,"PubModel":null,"JCR":null,"JCRName":null,"Score":null,"Total":0}
引用次数: 0
Spatial covariant gravity with two degrees of freedom in the presence of an auxiliary scalar field: Perturbation analysis* * Supported by the Natural Science Foundation of China (11975020) 存在辅助标量场的双自由度空间协变引力:扰动分析* * 国家自然科学基金资助项目(11975020)
IF 3.6 2区 物理与天体物理
Chinese Physics C Pub Date : 2024-08-01 DOI: 10.1088/1674-1137/ad47a9
Zhi-Chao Wang, Xian Gao
{"title":"Spatial covariant gravity with two degrees of freedom in the presence of an auxiliary scalar field: Perturbation analysis* * Supported by the Natural Science Foundation of China (11975020)","authors":"Zhi-Chao Wang, Xian Gao","doi":"10.1088/1674-1137/ad47a9","DOIUrl":"https://doi.org/10.1088/1674-1137/ad47a9","url":null,"abstract":"We investigate a class of gravity theories respecting only spatial covariance, termed spatially covariant gravity, in the presence of an auxiliary scalar field. We examine the conditions on the Lagrangian required to eliminate scalar degrees of freedom, allowing only two tensorial degrees of freedom to propagate. Instead of strict constraint analysis, in this paper, we employ the perturbation method and focus on the necessary conditions to evade the scalar mode at the linear order in perturbations around a cosmological background. Beginning with a general action and solving the auxiliary perturbation variables in terms of a would-be dynamical scalar mode, we derive the condition to remove its kinetic term, thus ensuring that no scalar mode propagates. As an application of the general condition, we study a polynomial-type Lagrangian as a concrete example, in which all monomials are spatially covariant scalars containing two derivatives. We find that the auxiliary scalar field is essential, and new terms in the Lagrangian are allowed. Our analysis provides insights into constructing gravity theories with two degrees of freedom in the extended framework of spatially covariant gravity.","PeriodicalId":10250,"journal":{"name":"Chinese Physics C","volume":null,"pages":null},"PeriodicalIF":3.6,"publicationDate":"2024-08-01","publicationTypes":"Journal Article","fieldsOfStudy":null,"isOpenAccess":false,"openAccessPdf":"","citationCount":null,"resultStr":null,"platform":"Semanticscholar","paperid":"141566846","PeriodicalName":null,"FirstCategoryId":null,"ListUrlMain":null,"RegionNum":2,"RegionCategory":"物理与天体物理","ArticlePicture":[],"TitleCN":null,"AbstractTextCN":null,"PMCID":"","EPubDate":null,"PubModel":null,"JCR":null,"JCRName":null,"Score":null,"Total":0}
引用次数: 0
Féeton (B-L gauge boson) dark matter for the 511-keV gamma-ray excess and the prediction of low-energy neutrino flux* * Supported by the Talent Scientific Start-Up Project of China, the Natural Science Foundation of China (12175134, 12375101, 12090060, 12090064, 12247141), the SJTU Double First Class start-up fund(WF220442604), and the World Premier International Research Center Initiative (WPI Initiative), MEXT, Japan 511-keV伽马射线过量的费顿(B-L规玻色子)暗物质与低能中微子通量预测* * 国家 "千人计划 "人才科学启动项目、国家自然科学基金(12175134、12375101、12090060、12090064、12247141)、上海交通大学 "双一流 "启动基金(WF220442604)和日本文部科学省 "世界一流国际研究中心计划"(WPI计划)资助
IF 3.6 2区 物理与天体物理
Chinese Physics C Pub Date : 2024-08-01 DOI: 10.1088/1674-1137/ad4af3
Jie Sheng, Yu Cheng, Weikang Lin, Tsutomu T. Yanagida
{"title":"Féeton (B-L gauge boson) dark matter for the 511-keV gamma-ray excess and the prediction of low-energy neutrino flux* * Supported by the Talent Scientific Start-Up Project of China, the Natural Science Foundation of China (12175134, 12375101, 12090060, 12090064, 12247141), the SJTU Double First Class start-up fund(WF220442604), and the World Premier International Research Center Initiative (WPI Initiative), MEXT, Japan","authors":"Jie Sheng, Yu Cheng, Weikang Lin, Tsutomu T. Yanagida","doi":"10.1088/1674-1137/ad4af3","DOIUrl":"https://doi.org/10.1088/1674-1137/ad4af3","url":null,"abstract":"The féeton is the gauge boson of the <inline-formula>\u0000<tex-math><?CDATA $ U(1)_{B-L} $?></tex-math>\u0000<inline-graphic xlink:href=\"cpc_48_8_083104_M1.jpg\" xlink:type=\"simple\"></inline-graphic>\u0000</inline-formula> gauge theory. If the gauge coupling constant is extremely small, the féeton becomes a candidate for dark matter. We show that its decay to a pair of an electron and a positron explains the observed Galactic 511-keV gamma-ray excess in a consistent manner. This féeton dark matter decays mainly into pairs neutrino and anti-neutrino. Future low-energy experiments with improved directional capability will enable capturing these neutrino signals. The seesaw-motivated parameter space predicts a relatively short féeton lifetime that is comparable to the current cosmological constraint.","PeriodicalId":10250,"journal":{"name":"Chinese Physics C","volume":null,"pages":null},"PeriodicalIF":3.6,"publicationDate":"2024-08-01","publicationTypes":"Journal Article","fieldsOfStudy":null,"isOpenAccess":false,"openAccessPdf":"","citationCount":null,"resultStr":null,"platform":"Semanticscholar","paperid":"141566848","PeriodicalName":null,"FirstCategoryId":null,"ListUrlMain":null,"RegionNum":2,"RegionCategory":"物理与天体物理","ArticlePicture":[],"TitleCN":null,"AbstractTextCN":null,"PMCID":"","EPubDate":null,"PubModel":null,"JCR":null,"JCRName":null,"Score":null,"Total":0}
引用次数: 0
Quenching and flow of charm and bottom quarks via semi-leptonic decay of D and B mesons in Pb+Pb collisions at the LHC* * Supported in part by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (12225503, 11935007, 11890710, 11890711, 12175122, 2021-867). W.-J. X. is supported in part by China Postdoctoral Science Foundation (2023M742099). Some of the calculations were performed in the Nuclear Science Computing Center at Central China Normal University (NSC3), Wuhan, Hubei, China 大型强子对撞机Pb+Pb对撞中通过D介子和B介子的半轻子衰变实现的粲夸克和底夸克的淬灭和流动* * 国家自然科学基金部分资助(12225503, 11935007, 11890710, 11890711, 12175122, 2021-867)。W.-J. X.得到中国博士后科学基金(2023M742099)的部分资助。部分计算在湖北武汉华中师范大学核科学计算中心(NSC3)完成。
IF 3.6 2区 物理与天体物理
Chinese Physics C Pub Date : 2024-08-01 DOI: 10.1088/1674-1137/ad4c59
Shu-Qing Li, Wen-Jing Xing, Shanshan Cao, Guang-You Qin
{"title":"Quenching and flow of charm and bottom quarks via semi-leptonic decay of D and B mesons in Pb+Pb collisions at the LHC* * Supported in part by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (12225503, 11935007, 11890710, 11890711, 12175122, 2021-867). W.-J. X. is supported in part by China Postdoctoral Science Foundation (2023M742099). Some of the calculations were performed in the Nuclear Science Computing Center at Central China Normal University (NSC3), Wuhan, Hubei, China","authors":"Shu-Qing Li, Wen-Jing Xing, Shanshan Cao, Guang-You Qin","doi":"10.1088/1674-1137/ad4c59","DOIUrl":"https://doi.org/10.1088/1674-1137/ad4c59","url":null,"abstract":"Heavy flavor particles provide important probes of the microscopic structure and thermodynamic properties of the quark-gluon plasma (QGP) produced in high-energy nucleus-nucleus collisions. We studied the energy loss and flow of charm and bottom quarks inside the QGP via the nuclear modification factor (<inline-formula>\u0000<tex-math><?CDATA $R_{AA}$?></tex-math>\u0000<inline-graphic xlink:href=\"cpc_48_8_084106_M1.jpg\" xlink:type=\"simple\"></inline-graphic>\u0000</inline-formula>) and elliptic flow coefficient (<inline-formula>\u0000<tex-math><?CDATA $ v_2 $?></tex-math>\u0000<inline-graphic xlink:href=\"cpc_48_8_084106_M2.jpg\" xlink:type=\"simple\"></inline-graphic>\u0000</inline-formula>) of their decayed leptons in heavy-ion collisions at the LHC. The dynamical evolution of the QGP was performed using the CLVisc (3+1)-dimensional viscous hydrodynamics model; the evolution of heavy quarks inside the QGP was simulated with our improved Langevin model that considers both collisional and radiative energy loss of heavy quarks; the hadronization of heavy quarks was simulated via our hybrid coalescence-fragmentation model; and the semi-leptonic decay of <italic toggle=\"yes\">D</italic> and <italic toggle=\"yes\">B</italic> mesons was simulated via PYTHIA. Using the same spatial diffusion coefficient for charm and bottom quarks, we obtained smaller <inline-formula>\u0000<tex-math><?CDATA $R_{AA}$?></tex-math>\u0000<inline-graphic xlink:href=\"cpc_48_8_084106_M5.jpg\" xlink:type=\"simple\"></inline-graphic>\u0000</inline-formula> and larger <inline-formula>\u0000<tex-math><?CDATA $ v_2 $?></tex-math>\u0000<inline-graphic xlink:href=\"cpc_48_8_084106_M6.jpg\" xlink:type=\"simple\"></inline-graphic>\u0000</inline-formula> of charm decayed leptons than bottom decayed leptons, indicating stronger energy loss of charm quarks than bottom quarks inside the QGP within our current model setup.","PeriodicalId":10250,"journal":{"name":"Chinese Physics C","volume":null,"pages":null},"PeriodicalIF":3.6,"publicationDate":"2024-08-01","publicationTypes":"Journal Article","fieldsOfStudy":null,"isOpenAccess":false,"openAccessPdf":"","citationCount":null,"resultStr":null,"platform":"Semanticscholar","paperid":"141566847","PeriodicalName":null,"FirstCategoryId":null,"ListUrlMain":null,"RegionNum":2,"RegionCategory":"物理与天体物理","ArticlePicture":[],"TitleCN":null,"AbstractTextCN":null,"PMCID":"","EPubDate":null,"PubModel":null,"JCR":null,"JCRName":null,"Score":null,"Total":0}
引用次数: 0
Discovery potential of the Glashow resonance in an air shower neutrino telescope* * Project Supported by the ``CUG Scholar'' Scientific Research Funds at China University of Geosciences (Wuhan) (2024014) 格拉肖共振在气淋中微子望远镜中的发现潜力* * 中国地质大学(武汉)"中地学者 "科研基金资助项目(2024014)
IF 3.6 2区 物理与天体物理
Chinese Physics C Pub Date : 2024-08-01 DOI: 10.1088/1674-1137/ad4c5c
Guo-Yuan Huang
{"title":"Discovery potential of the Glashow resonance in an air shower neutrino telescope* * Project Supported by the ``CUG Scholar'' Scientific Research Funds at China University of Geosciences (Wuhan) (2024014)","authors":"Guo-Yuan Huang","doi":"10.1088/1674-1137/ad4c5c","DOIUrl":"https://doi.org/10.1088/1674-1137/ad4c5c","url":null,"abstract":"The in-ice or in-water Cherenkov neutrino telescope, such as IceCube, has already proved its power in measuring the Glashow resonance by searching for the bump around <inline-formula>\u0000<tex-math><?CDATA $ E^{}_{rm nu} = 6.3; {rm PeV} $?></tex-math>\u0000<inline-graphic xlink:href=\"cpc_48_8_085107_M1.jpg\" xlink:type=\"simple\"></inline-graphic>\u0000</inline-formula> arising from the <italic toggle=\"yes\">W</italic>-boson production. There are many proposals for the next few decades for observations of cosmic tau neutrinos with extensive air showers, also known as tau neutrino telescopes. The air shower telescope is, in principle, sensitive to the Glashow resonance via the channel <inline-formula>\u0000<tex-math><?CDATA $ W to tau nu^{}_{tau} $?></tex-math>\u0000<inline-graphic xlink:href=\"cpc_48_8_085107_M2.jpg\" xlink:type=\"simple\"></inline-graphic>\u0000</inline-formula> followed by the tau decay in the air (e.g., TAMBO, which has a geometric area of approximately <inline-formula>\u0000<tex-math><?CDATA $ 500; {rm km^2} $?></tex-math>\u0000<inline-graphic xlink:href=\"cpc_48_8_085107_M3.jpg\" xlink:type=\"simple\"></inline-graphic>\u0000</inline-formula>). Using a thorough numerical analysis, we find that the discovery significance can be up to 90% with a TAMBO-like setup if PeV neutrinos primarily originate from neutron decays, considering the flux parameters measured by IceCube as the input. The presence of new physics affecting the neutrino flavor composition can also increase the significance. However, if ultrahigh-energy neutrinos are dominantly produced from meson decays, it will be statistically difficult for an advanced proposal such as TAMBO to discriminate the Glashow resonance induced by <inline-formula>\u0000<tex-math><?CDATA $ overline{nu}^{}_{e} $?></tex-math>\u0000<inline-graphic xlink:href=\"cpc_48_8_085107_M5.jpg\" xlink:type=\"simple\"></inline-graphic>\u0000</inline-formula> from the intrinsic <inline-formula>\u0000<tex-math><?CDATA $ nu^{}_{tau}/overline{nu}^{}_{tau} $?></tex-math>\u0000<inline-graphic xlink:href=\"cpc_48_8_085107_M6.jpg\" xlink:type=\"simple\"></inline-graphic>\u0000</inline-formula> background. We have identified several limitations for such advanced telescopes, in comparison with the in-ice or in-water telescope, when measuring resonances: (i) a suppressed branching ratio of 11% for the decay <inline-formula>\u0000<tex-math><?CDATA $ W to tau nu^{}_{tau} $?></tex-math>\u0000<inline-graphic xlink:href=\"cpc_48_8_085107_M8.jpg\" xlink:type=\"simple\"></inline-graphic>\u0000</inline-formula>; (ii) the smearing effect and reduced acceptance because the daughter neutrino takes away <inline-formula>\u0000<tex-math><?CDATA $ langle y rangle sim $?></tex-math>\u0000<inline-graphic xlink:href=\"cpc_48_8_085107_M9.jpg\" xlink:type=\"simple\"></inline-graphic>\u0000</inline-formula>75% of the energy from the <italic toggle=\"yes\">W</italic> decay; and (iii) a large attenuation effect for Earth-skimming neutrinos with the resonance.","PeriodicalId":10250,"journal":{"name":"Chinese Physics C","volume":null,"pages":null},"PeriodicalIF":3.6,"publicationDate":"2024-08-01","publicationTypes":"Journal Article","fieldsOfStudy":null,"isOpenAccess":false,"openAccessPdf":"","citationCount":null,"resultStr":null,"platform":"Semanticscholar","paperid":"141566844","PeriodicalName":null,"FirstCategoryId":null,"ListUrlMain":null,"RegionNum":2,"RegionCategory":"物理与天体物理","ArticlePicture":[],"TitleCN":null,"AbstractTextCN":null,"PMCID":"","EPubDate":null,"PubModel":null,"JCR":null,"JCRName":null,"Score":null,"Total":0}
引用次数: 0
Observational signatures of rotating black holes in the semiclassical gravity with trace anomaly* * Partly Supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (12275004, 12205013, 11873044). MG is also endorsed by ”the Fundamental Research Funds for the Central Universities” (2021NTST13) 带痕量异常的半经典引力中旋转黑洞的观测特征* * 部分受国家自然科学基金资助(12275004, 12205013, 11873044)。MG 还得到 "中央高校基本科研业务费"(2021NTST13)的资助。
IF 3.6 2区 物理与天体物理
Chinese Physics C Pub Date : 2024-08-01 DOI: 10.1088/1674-1137/ad432b
Zhenyu Zhang, Yehui Hou, Minyong Guo
{"title":"Observational signatures of rotating black holes in the semiclassical gravity with trace anomaly* * Partly Supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (12275004, 12205013, 11873044). MG is also endorsed by ”the Fundamental Research Funds for the Central Universities” (2021NTST13)","authors":"Zhenyu Zhang, Yehui Hou, Minyong Guo","doi":"10.1088/1674-1137/ad432b","DOIUrl":"https://doi.org/10.1088/1674-1137/ad432b","url":null,"abstract":"In a recent work by Fernandes [Phys. Rev. D 108(6), L061502 (2023)], an exact stationary and axisymmetric solution was discovered in semiclassical gravity with type-A trace anomaly. This was identified as a quantum-corrected version of the Kerr black hole. In this study, we explore the observational signatures of this black hole solution. Our investigation reveals that prograde and retrograde light rings exist, whose radii increase monotonically with the coupling parameter <italic toggle=\"yes\">α</italic>. When <italic toggle=\"yes\">α</italic> is negative, the shadow area for the quantum-corrected black hole is smaller than that of the Kerr black hole, whereas when <italic toggle=\"yes\">α</italic> is positive, the area is larger. For a near-extremal black hole, its high-spin feature (the NHEKline) is found to be highly susceptible to disruption by <italic toggle=\"yes\">α</italic>. Furthermore, we discuss the images of the quantum-corrected black hole in the presence of a thin accretion disk and compare them to those of the Kerr black hole. Our study highlights the importance of near-horizon emission sources in detecting the effects of quantum corrections by black hole images.","PeriodicalId":10250,"journal":{"name":"Chinese Physics C","volume":null,"pages":null},"PeriodicalIF":3.6,"publicationDate":"2024-08-01","publicationTypes":"Journal Article","fieldsOfStudy":null,"isOpenAccess":false,"openAccessPdf":"","citationCount":null,"resultStr":null,"platform":"Semanticscholar","paperid":"141566849","PeriodicalName":null,"FirstCategoryId":null,"ListUrlMain":null,"RegionNum":2,"RegionCategory":"物理与天体物理","ArticlePicture":[],"TitleCN":null,"AbstractTextCN":null,"PMCID":"","EPubDate":null,"PubModel":null,"JCR":null,"JCRName":null,"Score":null,"Total":0}
引用次数: 0
Masses of the conjectured H-dibaryon at different temperatures* 不同温度下推测的 H-二重子的质量*
IF 3.6 2区 物理与天体物理
Chinese Physics C Pub Date : 2024-07-31 DOI: 10.1088/1674-1137/ad3d4c
Liang-Kai Wu, 良凯 吴, Han Tang, 涵 汤, Ning Li, 宁 李, Xin-Yang Wang and 昕杨 王
{"title":"Masses of the conjectured H-dibaryon at different temperatures*","authors":"Liang-Kai Wu, 良凯 吴, Han Tang, 涵 汤, Ning Li, 宁 李, Xin-Yang Wang and 昕杨 王","doi":"10.1088/1674-1137/ad3d4c","DOIUrl":"https://doi.org/10.1088/1674-1137/ad3d4c","url":null,"abstract":"We present a lattice QCD determination of masses of the conjectured H-dibaryon, denoted as , at nine different temperatures: 0.24, 0.63, 0.76, 0.84, 0.95, 1.09, 1.27, 1.52, and 1.90. The masses of baryons N, Σ, Ξ, and Λ at different temperatures were also computed. The simulations were performed on an anisotropic lattice with flavours of clover fermion at a quark mass corresponding to . The thermal ensembles were provided by the FASTSUM collaboration, whereas the zero temperature ensembles were provided by the Hadspec collaboration. We also calculated the spectral density of the correlation function of those particles. The spectral density distributions show a rich peak structure at the lowest temperature; at intermediate temperatures, the mass values of those particles obtained by the extrapolation method reflect a two-peak structure. While the spectral density for the octet baryon becomes smooth at 1.27, 1.52, and 1.90, the spectral density for the H-dibaryon becomes smooth at . At , the mass difference of the H-dibaryon and Λ pair, expressed as , was estimated to be MeV, which suggests the existence of a bound H-dibaryon state.","PeriodicalId":10250,"journal":{"name":"Chinese Physics C","volume":null,"pages":null},"PeriodicalIF":3.6,"publicationDate":"2024-07-31","publicationTypes":"Journal Article","fieldsOfStudy":null,"isOpenAccess":false,"openAccessPdf":"","citationCount":null,"resultStr":null,"platform":"Semanticscholar","paperid":"141519022","PeriodicalName":null,"FirstCategoryId":null,"ListUrlMain":null,"RegionNum":2,"RegionCategory":"物理与天体物理","ArticlePicture":[],"TitleCN":null,"AbstractTextCN":null,"PMCID":"","EPubDate":null,"PubModel":null,"JCR":null,"JCRName":null,"Score":null,"Total":0}
引用次数: 0
Periapsis shift in spherically symmetric spacetimes and effects of electric interactions* 球面对称时空的周向位移和电相互作用的影响*
IF 3.6 2区 物理与天体物理
Chinese Physics C Pub Date : 2024-07-31 DOI: 10.1088/1674-1137/ad4018
Qianchuan Wang, 乾川 王, Junji Jia and 俊基 贾
{"title":"Periapsis shift in spherically symmetric spacetimes and effects of electric interactions*","authors":"Qianchuan Wang, 乾川 王, Junji Jia and 俊基 贾","doi":"10.1088/1674-1137/ad4018","DOIUrl":"https://doi.org/10.1088/1674-1137/ad4018","url":null,"abstract":"The periapsis shift of charged test particles in arbitrary static and spherically symmetric charged spacetimes are studied. Two perturbative methods, the near-circular approximation and post-Newtonian methods, are developed and shown to be very accurate when the results are determined to high orders. The near-circular approximation method is more precise when eccentricity e of the orbit is small, whereas the post-Newtonian method is more effective when orbit semilatus rectum p is large. Results from these two methods are shown to agree when both e is small and p is large. These results are then applied to the Reissner-Nordström spacetime, the Einstein-Maxwell-dilation gravity, and a charged wormhole spacetime. The effects of various parameters on the periapsis shift, particularly that of the electrostatic interaction, are carefully studied. The periapsis shift data of the solar-Mercury are then used to constrain the charges of the Sun and Mercury, and the data of the Sgr A*-S2 periapsis shift are used to determine, for the first time using this method, the constraints of the charges of Sgr A* and S2.","PeriodicalId":10250,"journal":{"name":"Chinese Physics C","volume":null,"pages":null},"PeriodicalIF":3.6,"publicationDate":"2024-07-31","publicationTypes":"Journal Article","fieldsOfStudy":null,"isOpenAccess":false,"openAccessPdf":"","citationCount":null,"resultStr":null,"platform":"Semanticscholar","paperid":"141531267","PeriodicalName":null,"FirstCategoryId":null,"ListUrlMain":null,"RegionNum":2,"RegionCategory":"物理与天体物理","ArticlePicture":[],"TitleCN":null,"AbstractTextCN":null,"PMCID":"","EPubDate":null,"PubModel":null,"JCR":null,"JCRName":null,"Score":null,"Total":0}
引用次数: 0
Analysis of anomalies using weak effective Hamiltonian with complex couplings and their impact on various physical observables 利用具有复杂耦合的弱有效哈密顿分析异常现象及其对各种物理观测指标的影响
IF 3.6 2区 物理与天体物理
Chinese Physics C Pub Date : 2024-07-31 DOI: 10.1088/1674-1137/ad34bc
Muhammad Arslan, Tahira Yasmeen, Saba Shafaq, Ishtiaq Ahmed and Muhammad Jamil Aslam
{"title":"Analysis of anomalies using weak effective Hamiltonian with complex couplings and their impact on various physical observables","authors":"Muhammad Arslan, Tahira Yasmeen, Saba Shafaq, Ishtiaq Ahmed and Muhammad Jamil Aslam","doi":"10.1088/1674-1137/ad34bc","DOIUrl":"https://doi.org/10.1088/1674-1137/ad34bc","url":null,"abstract":"Recently, the experimental measurements of the branching ratios and different polarization asymmetries for processes occurring through flavor-changing-charged current transitions by BABAR, Belle, and LHCb have revealed some significant differences from the corresponding Standard Model (SM) predictions. This has triggered an interest to search for physics beyond the SM in the context of various new physics (NP) models and using the model-independent weak effective Hamiltonian (WEH). Assuming left-handed neutrinos, we add the dimension-six vector, (pseudo-)scalar, and tensor operators with complex Wilson coefficients (WCs) to the SM WEH. Using 60%, 30%, and 10% constraints resulting from the branching ratio of , we reassess the parametric space of these new physics WCs accommodating the current anomalies based on the most recent HFLAV data of and and Belle data of and . We find that the allowed parametric region of left-handed scalar couplings strongly depends on the constraints of the branching ratio, and the maximum pull from the SM predictions results from the <60% branching ratio limit. Also, the parametric region changes significantly if we extend the analysis by adding LHCb data of and . Furthermore, due to the large uncertainties in the measurements of and , we derive the sum rules which complement them with and . Using the best-fit points of the new complex WCs along with the latest measurements of , we predict the numerical values of the observable , , and from the sum rules. The simultaneous dependence of abovementioned physical observables on the NP WCs is established by plotting their correlation with and , which are useful to discriminate between various NP scenarios. We find that the most significant impact of NP results from the WC . Finally, we study the impact of these NP couplings on various angular and triple product asymmetries that could be measured in some ongoing and future experiments. The precise measurements of these observables are important to check the SM and extract the possible NP.","PeriodicalId":10250,"journal":{"name":"Chinese Physics C","volume":null,"pages":null},"PeriodicalIF":3.6,"publicationDate":"2024-07-31","publicationTypes":"Journal Article","fieldsOfStudy":null,"isOpenAccess":false,"openAccessPdf":"","citationCount":null,"resultStr":null,"platform":"Semanticscholar","paperid":"141519020","PeriodicalName":null,"FirstCategoryId":null,"ListUrlMain":null,"RegionNum":2,"RegionCategory":"物理与天体物理","ArticlePicture":[],"TitleCN":null,"AbstractTextCN":null,"PMCID":"","EPubDate":null,"PubModel":null,"JCR":null,"JCRName":null,"Score":null,"Total":0}
引用次数: 0
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