医学教育中瑜伽对身心的影响:系统回顾和荟萃分析。

IF 3.1 2区 医学 Q1 EDUCATION & EDUCATIONAL RESEARCH
Medical Education Online Pub Date : 2024-12-31 Epub Date: 2024-06-11 DOI:10.1080/10872981.2024.2364486
Sabyasachi Maity, Raman Abbaspour, Stephan Bandelow, Sehaj Pahwa, Taraneh Alahdadi, Sharan Shah, Praghosh Chhetri, Ameet Kumar Jha, Shreya Nauhria, Reetuparna Nath, Narendra Nayak, Samal Nauhria
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引用次数: 0

摘要

冥想、瑜伽和正念等非临床方法是许多教育机构为改善学生身心健康而采用的流行传统治疗干预方法。本研究旨在评估瑜伽干预在改善医科和牙科学生的心肺参数(如血压、心率、肺功能测试)以及心身症状(如抑郁、焦虑和压力)方面的效果。根据 PRISMA 协议,我们在 PubMed、Scopus 和 Embase 等数据库中搜索了 304 篇相关文章。在对标题和摘要进行筛选后,对 47 篇论文进行了深入分析,并将其纳入定性分析。其中 18 篇文章的生理和心理参数统计数据相同,被纳入荟萃分析。与对照组相比,研究显示收缩压(SBP:6.82 mmHg,z = -3.06,p = 0.002)、舒张压(DBP:2.92 mmHg,z = -2.22,p = 0.03)和心率(HR:2.55 次/分,z = -2.77,p = 0.006)显著降低。此外,来自 4 项研究的数据显示,与对照组相比,瑜伽干预(z = 5.29,p = 0.01)在标准化焦虑测试中减少了 1.2,在标准化评估中减少了 0.77 的压力,总体效果显著。研究结果为全球医学教育工作者提供了美好的前景,鼓励他们考虑改革医学课程并制定相关政策,以提高全球医学生的学业成功率并改善其整体生活质量。
本文章由计算机程序翻译,如有差异,请以英文原文为准。
The psychosomatic impact of Yoga in medical education: a systematic review and meta-analysis.

Non-clinical approaches such as meditation, yoga, and mindfulness are popular traditional therapeutical interventions adopted by many educational institutions to improve the physical and mental well-being of learners. This study aimed to evaluate the effectiveness of yoga intervention in improving cardiopulmonary parameters such as blood pressure, heart rate, pulmonary function tests and psychosomatic symptoms such as depression, anxiety and stress in medical and dental students. Using the PRISMA protocol, a search from databases such as PubMed, Scopus, and Embase resulted in 304 relevant articles. After screening the title and abstracts, 47 papers were analyzed thoroughly and included in the qualitative analysis. 18 articles with homogenous statistical data on physiology and psychological parameters were included for meta-analysis. In comparison to the control group, the study showed a significant reduction of systolic blood pressure (SBP: 6.82 mmHg, z = -3.06, p = 0.002), diastolic blood pressure (DBP: 2.92 mmHg, z = -2.22, p = 0.03), and heart rate (HR: 2.55 beats/min, z = -2.77, p = 0.006). Additionally, data from 4 studies yielded a significant overall effect of a stress reduction of 0.77 on standardized assessments due to the yoga intervention (z = 5.29, p < 0.0001). Lastly, the results also showed a significant (z = -2.52, p = 0.01) reduction of 1.2 in standardized anxiety tests in intervention group compared to the control. The findings offer promising prospects for medical educators globally, encouraging them to consider reformation and policymaking in medical curricula to enhance academic success and improve the overall quality of life for medical students worldwide.

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来源期刊
Medical Education Online
Medical Education Online EDUCATION & EDUCATIONAL RESEARCH-
CiteScore
6.00
自引率
2.20%
发文量
97
审稿时长
8 weeks
期刊介绍: Medical Education Online is an open access journal of health care education, publishing peer-reviewed research, perspectives, reviews, and early documentation of new ideas and trends. Medical Education Online aims to disseminate information on the education and training of physicians and other health care professionals. Manuscripts may address any aspect of health care education and training, including, but not limited to: -Basic science education -Clinical science education -Residency education -Learning theory -Problem-based learning (PBL) -Curriculum development -Research design and statistics -Measurement and evaluation -Faculty development -Informatics/web
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