短期指导--提高女医学生对外科职业的意向。

IF 3.1 2区 医学 Q1 EDUCATION & EDUCATIONAL RESEARCH
Medical Education Online Pub Date : 2024-12-31 Epub Date: 2024-05-02 DOI:10.1080/10872981.2024.2347767
J C Mossanen, M Schmidt, A Brücken, M Thommes, G Marx, S Sopka
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引用次数: 0

摘要

背景:尽管在大多数西方国家,医科学生中至少有一半是女性,但从事外科或相关学科的女性仍然是少数。因此,招聘和留住女外科医生仍然是满足外科医生需求和提高医疗质量的一项重要挑战。参与研究的是第三至第五学年的女医科学生。在这项研究中,我们应用了成熟的心理学计划行为理论(TPB),该理论认为,实施某种行为(如从事外科职业)的意向是实施该行为的最关键、最直接的预测因素。我们研究了由两部分组成的短期指导研讨会是否能显著提高学生毕业后从事外科或相关专业工作的意愿:指导和榜样研讨会由六位在外科或相关专业有杰出成就的女性榜样主持,为期两天,每次 90 分钟。参与者(57 人)在研讨会前(T0)和研讨会后(T1)填写了一份在线调查问卷。采用配对抽样 t 检验对 TPB 中心概念(行为态度、2)职业自我效能感和 3)进行了前后比较。12 个月后(T2)进行了跟踪调查:结果:指导研讨会对女生从事外科专业的态度产生了积极影响。女学生的积极态度明显提高(p p p 结论):我们首次证明,在研讨会周围进行短期指导和榜样示范对医科女学生决定从事外科专业有重大影响。这一概念可能是改善外科及相关学科性别差异的一个实用而有效的概念。
本文章由计算机程序翻译,如有差异,请以英文原文为准。
Short-time mentoring - enhancing female medical students' intentions toward surgical careers.

Background: Women pursuing a career in surgery or related disciplines are still in the minority, despite the fact that women compose at least half of the medical student population in most Western countries. Thus, recruiting and retaining female surgeons remains an important challenge to meet the need for surgeons and increase the quality of care. The participations were female medical students between their third and fifth academic year. In this study, we applied the well-established psychological theory of planned behavior (TPB) which suggests that the intention to perform a behavior (e.g. pursuing a career in surgery) is the most critical and immediate predictor of performing the behavior. We investigated whether a two-part short-mentoring seminar significantly increases students' intention to pursue a career in a surgical or related specialty after graduation.

Method: The mentoring and role-model seminar was conducted at 2 days for 90 minutes by six inspiring female role models with a remarkable career in surgical or related disciplines. Participants (N = 57) filled in an online survey before (T0) and after the seminar (T1). A pre-post comparison of central TPB concept attitude towards the behavior, 2) occupational self-efficacy and 3) social norm) was conducted using a paired sampled t-test. A follow-up survey was administered 12 months later (T2).

Results: The mentoring seminar positively impacted female students' attitude towards a career in a surgical specialty. Female students reported a significantly increased positive attitude (p < .001) and significantly higher self-efficacy expectations (p < .001) towards a surgical career after participating in the mentoring seminar. Regarding their career intention after the seminar, female students declared a significantly higher intention to pursue a career in a surgical specialty after graduating (p < .001) and this effect seems to be sustainable after 1 year.

Conclusion: For the first time we could show that short-mentoring and demonstrating role models in a seminar surrounding has a significant impact on female medical student decision´s to pursue a career in a surgery speciality. This concept may be a practical and efficient concept to refine the gender disparity in surgery and related disciplines.

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来源期刊
Medical Education Online
Medical Education Online EDUCATION & EDUCATIONAL RESEARCH-
CiteScore
6.00
自引率
2.20%
发文量
97
审稿时长
8 weeks
期刊介绍: Medical Education Online is an open access journal of health care education, publishing peer-reviewed research, perspectives, reviews, and early documentation of new ideas and trends. Medical Education Online aims to disseminate information on the education and training of physicians and other health care professionals. Manuscripts may address any aspect of health care education and training, including, but not limited to: -Basic science education -Clinical science education -Residency education -Learning theory -Problem-based learning (PBL) -Curriculum development -Research design and statistics -Measurement and evaluation -Faculty development -Informatics/web
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