神经外科培训中是否存在性别差异?来自巴基斯坦全国性调查的证据。

IF 3.1 2区 医学 Q1 EDUCATION & EDUCATIONAL RESEARCH
Medical Education Online Pub Date : 2024-12-31 Epub Date: 2024-01-30 DOI:10.1080/10872981.2024.2310385
Muhammad Shakir, Hammad Atif Irshad, Ahmed Altaf, Shamila Ladak, Hafiza Fatima Aziz, Syed Ather Enam
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引用次数: 0

摘要

尽管对神经外科医生的需求与日俱增,但神经外科领域却普遍存在性别差异,尤其是对女性学员而言。中低收入国家的情况更为糟糕,这些国家尚未对神经外科受训人员的性别差异进行评估。我们的目的是通过比较男性和女性的回答来衡量巴基斯坦神经外科培训机会和观念的性别差异。我们在巴基斯坦开展了一项全国性的网络调查,涵盖了 22 个巴基斯坦内外科医生学院(CPSP)认可的神经外科培训项目。调查采用了便利抽样法,并对问卷进行了试点测试。数据分析采用 SPSS 26 版本。共有 120 名学员参与了我们的调查。参与者的平均年龄为 30.4 ± 4.1 岁,其中女性占 29.2%,男性占 70.8%。女性对性别平等的关注度(34.3%)高于男性(27.1%)。报告工作与生活不平衡的女性(34.3%)多于男性(30.6%)。与男性(35.3%)相比,更多的女性(54.3%)强烈认同工作时间导致的职业倦怠。承认有足够指导机会的女性(40%)多于男性(25%)。女性受访者(65.7%)每周工作 50-100 小时,少于男性(69.4%)。与男性(18.8%)相比,女性(2.9%)对手术接触的满意度较低。更多女性表示有机会参加教学课程(82.9% 对男性 77.6%)和神经外科会议(85.7% 对男性 80.0%)、尸体研讨会(17.1% 对男性 12.9%)、发病率和死亡率会议(88.6% 对男性 82.4%)、病例讨论会(82.9% 对男性 75.3%)以及放射学讨论(82.9% 对男性 74.1%)。我们的研究强调了神经外科培训中存在的巨大性别差距,以及对工作时间、职业倦怠、导师指导、工作与生活平衡和性别平等的担忧。这些发现强调了在神经外科培训中采取干预措施纠正这些差距并促进性别平等的必要性。
本文章由计算机程序翻译,如有差异,请以英文原文为准。
Does gender disparity exist in neurosurgery training? Evidence from a nationwide survey from Pakistan.

Gender disparities are prevalent in the neurosurgical field, particularly for female trainees, despite the growing demand for neurosurgeons. The situation is bleaker in low-and middle-income countries, where gender disparities among neurosurgical trainees have not been evaluated. We aimed to gauge the gender differences in opportunities and perceptions of neurosurgery training in Pakistan by comparing responses between males and females. A nationwide web-based survey was conducted in Pakistan, covering 22 College of Physicians and Surgeons of Pakistan (CPSP) accredited neurosurgery training programs. Convenience sampling was used with a pilot-tested questionnaire. Data analysis was performed using SPSS version 26. A total of 120 trainees participated in our survey. The mean age of the participants was 30.4 ± 4.1 years, with 29.2% females and 70.8% males. Concerns about gender equity were more among females (34.3%) than males (27.1%). Poor work-life balance was reported by more females (34.3%) than males (30.6%). Burnout due to working hours was strongly agreed by more females (54.3%) than males (35.3%). More females (40%) acknowledged sufficient mentorship opportunities versus males (25%). Female respondents (65.7%) worked 50-100 hours per week, less than males (69.4%). Satisfaction with surgical exposure was lower among females (2.9%) compared to males (18.8%). More females reported access to teaching courses (82.9% vs. 77.6% males) and neurosurgical conferences (85.7% vs. 80.0% males), cadaver workshops (17.1% vs. 12.9% males), morbidity and mortality meetings (88.6% vs. 82.4% males), case-based sessions (82.9% vs. 75.3% males), and radiology discussions (82.9% vs. 74.1% males). Our study highlights substantial gender gaps in neurosurgical training, concerns over working hours, burnout, mentorship, work-life balance, and gender equity. These findings underscore the necessity for interventions to rectify these disparities and foster gender equity in neurosurgical training.

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来源期刊
Medical Education Online
Medical Education Online EDUCATION & EDUCATIONAL RESEARCH-
CiteScore
6.00
自引率
2.20%
发文量
97
审稿时长
8 weeks
期刊介绍: Medical Education Online is an open access journal of health care education, publishing peer-reviewed research, perspectives, reviews, and early documentation of new ideas and trends. Medical Education Online aims to disseminate information on the education and training of physicians and other health care professionals. Manuscripts may address any aspect of health care education and training, including, but not limited to: -Basic science education -Clinical science education -Residency education -Learning theory -Problem-based learning (PBL) -Curriculum development -Research design and statistics -Measurement and evaluation -Faculty development -Informatics/web
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