Human papillomavirus and occupational exposure: The need for vaccine provision for healthcare providers.

IF 4.1 4区 医学 Q2 BIOTECHNOLOGY & APPLIED MICROBIOLOGY
Human Vaccines & Immunotherapeutics Pub Date : 2024-12-31 Epub Date: 2024-05-21 DOI:10.1080/21645515.2024.2342622
Selim Afsar, Maksuda Hossain, Muntaha Islam, Hailey Simmonds, Ashley A Stillwell, Kristina A Butler
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Abstract

To probe the understanding of healthcare providers regarding occupational exposure to human papillomavirus and their knowledge about human papillomavirus vaccination in relation to the American Society for Colposcopy and Cervical Pathology (ASCCP) recommendations. In this cross-sectional study, the healthcare providers at Mayo Clinic Arizona, Florida, and Minnesota were delivered an electronic survey. The survey was completed by 349 healthcare providers, with one respondent excluded for inconsistent entry. The mean age of respondents was 42.7 ± 10.9, and of those, 68% were female and 32% were male. Of the unvaccinated respondents, 43.3% were ≤ 45 y of age (eligible for vaccination), while those vaccinated formed 41% of the respondents. Healthcare providers are highly concerned about their cancer safety, as shown by their awareness of occupational human papillomavirus hazards and broad knowledge about vaccine efficacy. The use of personal protective equipment varied widely, including eyewear, double gloving, procedural face mask, N95 face mask, and/or nothing. Human papillomavirus and cancer risk was clearly perceived by healthcare providers. For professions, pairwise comparisons revealed that nurse practitioners, physician assistants, certified registered nurse anesthetists, and allied healthcare providers had lower scores than medical doctors. Despite the high level of understanding among healthcare providers of occupational human papillomavirus exposure, only a few of them knew of the recommendations of the ASCPP for vaccination of healthcare providers treating human papillomavirus-related diseases. In such cases, most of those surveyed embraced vaccination, which was considered 100% safe by medical doctors and allied health professionals.

人类乳头瘤病毒与职业暴露:为医护人员提供疫苗的必要性。
目的:调查医疗服务提供者对人类乳头瘤病毒职业暴露的了解,以及他们根据美国阴道镜和宫颈病理学协会 (ASCCP) 的建议接种人类乳头瘤病毒疫苗的知识。在这项横断面研究中,亚利桑那州、佛罗里达州和明尼苏达州梅奥诊所的医疗服务提供者接受了一项电子调查。共有 349 名医疗服务提供者完成了调查,其中一名受访者因输入不一致而被排除在外。受访者的平均年龄为 42.7 ± 10.9 岁,其中 68% 为女性,32% 为男性。在未接种疫苗的受访者中,43.3%的人年龄小于 45 岁(符合接种条件),而接种疫苗的受访者占 41%。医疗服务提供者高度关注自身的癌症安全,这体现在他们对职业性人类乳头瘤病毒危害的认识和对疫苗功效的广泛了解上。个人防护设备的使用情况差异很大,包括眼镜、双层手套、程序性口罩、N95 口罩和/或什么都不使用。医疗服务提供者对人类乳头瘤病毒和癌症风险有明确的认识。就职业而言,成对比较显示,执业护士、医生助理、注册麻醉师和专职医疗保健提供者的得分低于医生。尽管医护人员对职业性人类乳头瘤病毒暴露的了解程度很高,但其中只有少数人知道 ASCPP 对治疗人类乳头瘤病毒相关疾病的医护人员接种疫苗的建议。在这种情况下,大多数受访者接受了疫苗接种,医生和专职医疗人员认为疫苗接种是 100% 安全的。
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来源期刊
Human Vaccines & Immunotherapeutics
Human Vaccines & Immunotherapeutics BIOTECHNOLOGY & APPLIED MICROBIOLOGY-IMMUNOLOGY
CiteScore
7.90
自引率
8.30%
发文量
489
审稿时长
3-6 weeks
期刊介绍: (formerly Human Vaccines; issn 1554-8619) Vaccine research and development is extending its reach beyond the prevention of bacterial or viral diseases. There are experimental vaccines for immunotherapeutic purposes and for applications outside of infectious diseases, in diverse fields such as cancer, autoimmunity, allergy, Alzheimer’s and addiction. Many of these vaccines and immunotherapeutics should become available in the next two decades, with consequent benefit for human health. Continued advancement in this field will benefit from a forum that can (A) help to promote interest by keeping investigators updated, and (B) enable an exchange of ideas regarding the latest progress in the many topics pertaining to vaccines and immunotherapeutics. Human Vaccines & Immunotherapeutics provides such a forum. It is published monthly in a format that is accessible to a wide international audience in the academic, industrial and public sectors.
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