ACS Chemical Health & Safety最新文献

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Reconstruction of Curriculum System for Chemical Safety Undergraduate Education under Emerging Engineering Education Requirements 新兴工程教育要求下化学安全本科教育课程体系的重构
IF 0.73
ACS Chemical Health & Safety Pub Date : 2024-07-09 DOI: 10.1021/acs.chas.4c00017
Jianwen Zhang, Siyu Peng, Pengchao Wang, Feilong Zhang, Qianlin Wang, Zhan Dou
{"title":"Reconstruction of Curriculum System for Chemical Safety Undergraduate Education under Emerging Engineering Education Requirements","authors":"Jianwen Zhang, Siyu Peng, Pengchao Wang, Feilong Zhang, Qianlin Wang, Zhan Dou","doi":"10.1021/acs.chas.4c00017","DOIUrl":"https://doi.org/10.1021/acs.chas.4c00017","url":null,"abstract":"Against the backdrop of the latest engineering and technical disciplines, cross-disciplinary fusion is a new strategy to cultivate high-level composite talents in the chemical safety field. Regulating China’s severe safety production situation is crucial. As an essential source of talent, universities should promptly reconstruct the discipline system according to the new framework under the guiding spirit of Emerging Engineering Education. The innovation and application of intelligent technology have led to a technological revolution in chemistry fields. Therefore, universities should reasonably adjust and optimize the knowledge structure to address the social situations and the development needs of the industry for ensuring the safety of the entire chemical production process. This paper investigates the chemical industry safety production to innovatively present the fresh concept of “5 flows, 3 tactics, and 3 controls,” with “5 flows” as the core, “3 tactics” as the focus, and “3 controls” as the goal. This concept serves as a significant reference for the reformation of the safety curriculum system.","PeriodicalId":12,"journal":{"name":"ACS Chemical Health & Safety","volume":null,"pages":null},"PeriodicalIF":0.73,"publicationDate":"2024-07-09","publicationTypes":"Journal Article","fieldsOfStudy":null,"isOpenAccess":false,"openAccessPdf":"","citationCount":null,"resultStr":null,"platform":"Semanticscholar","paperid":"141571076","PeriodicalName":null,"FirstCategoryId":null,"ListUrlMain":null,"RegionNum":0,"RegionCategory":"","ArticlePicture":[],"TitleCN":null,"AbstractTextCN":null,"PMCID":"","EPubDate":null,"PubModel":null,"JCR":null,"JCRName":null,"Score":null,"Total":0}
引用次数: 0
Spotlights: Untargeted Forensic Drug Detection, Burn Pit Smoke Inhalation, and Problems in the Friction Sensitivity Literature 聚焦:非目标法医药物检测、烧伤坑烟雾吸入以及摩擦灵敏度文献中的问题
IF 0.73
ACS Chemical Health & Safety Pub Date : 2024-07-03 DOI: 10.1021/acs.chas.4c00052
Lauren Goulding
{"title":"Spotlights: Untargeted Forensic Drug Detection, Burn Pit Smoke Inhalation, and Problems in the Friction Sensitivity Literature","authors":"Lauren Goulding","doi":"10.1021/acs.chas.4c00052","DOIUrl":"https://doi.org/10.1021/acs.chas.4c00052","url":null,"abstract":"This article references 3 other publications. This article has not yet been cited by other publications. This article references 3 other publications.","PeriodicalId":12,"journal":{"name":"ACS Chemical Health & Safety","volume":null,"pages":null},"PeriodicalIF":0.73,"publicationDate":"2024-07-03","publicationTypes":"Journal Article","fieldsOfStudy":null,"isOpenAccess":false,"openAccessPdf":"","citationCount":null,"resultStr":null,"platform":"Semanticscholar","paperid":"141547177","PeriodicalName":null,"FirstCategoryId":null,"ListUrlMain":null,"RegionNum":0,"RegionCategory":"","ArticlePicture":[],"TitleCN":null,"AbstractTextCN":null,"PMCID":"","EPubDate":null,"PubModel":null,"JCR":null,"JCRName":null,"Score":null,"Total":0}
引用次数: 0
Community Connections Committee: How the Joint Safety Team of the University of Minnesota Innovates Promoting Vertical Safety Engagement 社区联系委员会:明尼苏达大学联合安全小组如何创新促进纵向安全参与
IF 0.73
ACS Chemical Health & Safety Pub Date : 2024-07-03 DOI: 10.1021/acs.chas.4c00027
Vilma S. M. Brandao, Gretchen S. Burke, Zoe A. Maxwell, Steven K. Butler, Xin I. N. Dong, Jeffrey Paz Buenaflor, Mckenna G. Hanson, Taysir K. Bader, Celina M. Harris, Harrison Frisk, Brian Andersson, Brady L. Bresnahan
{"title":"Community Connections Committee: How the Joint Safety Team of the University of Minnesota Innovates Promoting Vertical Safety Engagement","authors":"Vilma S. M. Brandao, Gretchen S. Burke, Zoe A. Maxwell, Steven K. Butler, Xin I. N. Dong, Jeffrey Paz Buenaflor, Mckenna G. Hanson, Taysir K. Bader, Celina M. Harris, Harrison Frisk, Brian Andersson, Brady L. Bresnahan","doi":"10.1021/acs.chas.4c00027","DOIUrl":"https://doi.org/10.1021/acs.chas.4c00027","url":null,"abstract":"The Joint Safety Team (JST) of the University of Minnesota Twin Cities is a well-established researcher-led safety team that recently developed a new Community Connections Committee (CCC) to build on its history of collaboration with other student-led Lab Safety Teams (LSTs) around the country. The CCC aims to engage with the larger scientific community by connecting with high school science instructors, early stage researchers at primarily undergraduate institutions (PUIs), and local chemical industries. As part of its early work, the CCC developed a safety workshop for high school chemistry teachers to help them identify and address common safety issues. Participants are introduced to fundamental safety concepts and new tools to understand and address safety concerns through classroom lectures and hands-on laboratories, all aimed at improving safety in their classrooms. Through an ongoing exchange of experiences and resources with PUIs, the CCC helped undergraduate students and faculty create an independent and resourceful student safety team that has engaged students in safety accountability, fostered leadership, and influenced safety practices at the PUI. Finally, this work discusses the collaboration between the CCC and industry partners that focuses on informing University of Minnesota graduate students of the safety standards of the industry so that they can best prepare themselves to be desirable hires and therefore benefit industries. Overall, the CCC is a powerful tool to expand the JST’s positive impacts to the broader chemistry community, helping pass on the JST’s safety practices to PUIs and high schools while also learning of industrial safety standards.","PeriodicalId":12,"journal":{"name":"ACS Chemical Health & Safety","volume":null,"pages":null},"PeriodicalIF":0.73,"publicationDate":"2024-07-03","publicationTypes":"Journal Article","fieldsOfStudy":null,"isOpenAccess":false,"openAccessPdf":"","citationCount":null,"resultStr":null,"platform":"Semanticscholar","paperid":"141552366","PeriodicalName":null,"FirstCategoryId":null,"ListUrlMain":null,"RegionNum":0,"RegionCategory":"","ArticlePicture":[],"TitleCN":null,"AbstractTextCN":null,"PMCID":"","EPubDate":null,"PubModel":null,"JCR":null,"JCRName":null,"Score":null,"Total":0}
引用次数: 0
The Gist of the List 清单要点
IF 0.73
ACS Chemical Health & Safety Pub Date : 2024-07-03 DOI: 10.1021/acs.chas.4c00053
Lauren Goulding
{"title":"The Gist of the List","authors":"Lauren Goulding","doi":"10.1021/acs.chas.4c00053","DOIUrl":"https://doi.org/10.1021/acs.chas.4c00053","url":null,"abstract":"The EPA held a webinar on DCM rule changes on June 6, 2024. Slides for the webinar are available here: https://www.epa.gov/chemicals-under-tsca/register-epas-webinar-final-methylene-chloride-risk-management-rule. MIT maintains a central database of green chemistry solvent substitutions and resources to help with solvent selection: https://ehs.mit.edu/green-chemistry/. This article references 4 other publications. This article has not yet been cited by other publications. This article references 4 other publications.","PeriodicalId":12,"journal":{"name":"ACS Chemical Health & Safety","volume":null,"pages":null},"PeriodicalIF":0.73,"publicationDate":"2024-07-03","publicationTypes":"Journal Article","fieldsOfStudy":null,"isOpenAccess":false,"openAccessPdf":"","citationCount":null,"resultStr":null,"platform":"Semanticscholar","paperid":"141532488","PeriodicalName":null,"FirstCategoryId":null,"ListUrlMain":null,"RegionNum":0,"RegionCategory":"","ArticlePicture":[],"TitleCN":null,"AbstractTextCN":null,"PMCID":"","EPubDate":null,"PubModel":null,"JCR":null,"JCRName":null,"Score":null,"Total":0}
引用次数: 0
The Chemical Exposure Multiverse: A Call for Papers that Provide Accurate Toxicity and Exposure Data in the Laboratory and Beyond 化学品暴露的多重宇宙:征集能在实验室内外提供准确毒性和暴露数据的论文
IF 0.73
ACS Chemical Health & Safety Pub Date : 2024-07-03 DOI: 10.1021/acs.chas.4c00055
Pamela Pollet, Jeremy Breuzard
{"title":"The Chemical Exposure Multiverse: A Call for Papers that Provide Accurate Toxicity and Exposure Data in the Laboratory and Beyond","authors":"Pamela Pollet, Jeremy Breuzard","doi":"10.1021/acs.chas.4c00055","DOIUrl":"https://doi.org/10.1021/acs.chas.4c00055","url":null,"abstract":"Published as part of <i>ACS Chemical Health &amp; Safety</i> virtual special issue “The Chemical Exposure Multiverse”. <i>ACS Chemical Health</i><i>&amp; Safety</i> (<i>ACS CHAS</i>) is calling for papers for a Virtual Special Issue (VSI) that represents different types of chemical exposures that workers, researchers, and the public may encounter. As previous publications in <i>ACS CHAS</i> have shown, (1−8) the prevention, mitigation, management, and response of occupational chemical exposures (chronic and acute) is multifaceted. For example, maker spaces, palm oil mills, laboratories, medical facilities, and art restoration must all quantify and control chemical exposures albeit in different ways. This VSI will showcase high-impact contributions in the field by collating perspectives and research from all the relevant disciplines such as toxicology, industrial and chemical hygiene, chemistry, engineering, epidemiology, health, education, public health, and public policy. Societies across the world are dependent upon synthetic chemicals to support modern living standards. More than ever, it is necessary to maximize the benefits of chemical usage while simultaneously minimizing the inherent risks associated with the transfer of chemicals from the controlled industrial environment to diverse settings, where they are repeatedly encountered by a workforce less able to recognize and mitigate hazards. The United Nations recognized these challenges in its 2022 sustainable development goals (SDGs), (9) which among others include the (i) assurance of good health and well-being (3), (ii) reduction of inequalities (10), (iii) decent work and economic growth (8), (iv) innovation in industry and infrastructure (9), and (v) responsible consumption and production (12). It is therefore imperative to support the U.N. SDGs by collecting, validating, and analyzing data on chemical exposure in diverse occupational environments and, ultimately, to provide reliable scientific reports and tools to inform effective decision-making and risk management. There have been tremendous progress and development to establish accurate toxicities and exposure limits as well as countless efforts to support productivity while protecting human health. This issue aims at capturing, highlighting and disseminating the current research, new developments and studies as well as challenges, creative solutions, best practices, and accounts from the “trenches”. The intentional multidisciplinary perspective adopted here is essential for a scientifically valid understanding of potential risks and their mitigation (Figure 1). As a consequence, we invite contributions of all manuscript types that address topics within <i>ACS CHAS</i> scope, including (but not limited to): Occupational and environmental exposures Toxicology and toxicological studies Epidemiology Chemical safety education Public health and public safety accounts Chemical hygiene Chemical safety and safety culture management Modelin","PeriodicalId":12,"journal":{"name":"ACS Chemical Health & Safety","volume":null,"pages":null},"PeriodicalIF":0.73,"publicationDate":"2024-07-03","publicationTypes":"Journal Article","fieldsOfStudy":null,"isOpenAccess":false,"openAccessPdf":"","citationCount":null,"resultStr":null,"platform":"Semanticscholar","paperid":"141547270","PeriodicalName":null,"FirstCategoryId":null,"ListUrlMain":null,"RegionNum":0,"RegionCategory":"","ArticlePicture":[],"TitleCN":null,"AbstractTextCN":null,"PMCID":"","EPubDate":null,"PubModel":null,"JCR":null,"JCRName":null,"Score":null,"Total":0}
引用次数: 0
Nanoparticle Usage in Leather Processing: Worker Safety and Health 皮革加工中的纳米粒子使用:工人安全与健康
IF 0.73
ACS Chemical Health & Safety Pub Date : 2024-05-06 DOI: 10.1021/acs.chas.4c00006
Claudia Cirillo, Mariagrazia Iuliano, Davide Scarpa, Luca Gallucci, Claudia Florio, Gaetano Maffei, Andrea Loi, Maria Sarno
{"title":"Nanoparticle Usage in Leather Processing: Worker Safety and Health","authors":"Claudia Cirillo, Mariagrazia Iuliano, Davide Scarpa, Luca Gallucci, Claudia Florio, Gaetano Maffei, Andrea Loi, Maria Sarno","doi":"10.1021/acs.chas.4c00006","DOIUrl":"https://doi.org/10.1021/acs.chas.4c00006","url":null,"abstract":"The focus on the leather market has recently been on the rise due to the global increase in demand for leather products, driven by rising disposable income levels and improving standards of living among the expanding middle-class population. To enhance the performance of the final leather product, we have employed nanoparticles (NPs) across various stages of leather manufacturing. Specifically, in the finishing process─the ultimate stage of leather production─numerous studies have underscored the significance of Ag, TiO<sub>2</sub>, and SiO<sub>2</sub> NPs in significantly enhancing various characteristics of leather. On the other hand, the rapid growth in the application of NPs to leather finishing, and more in general in the leather industry, has occurred concomitantly with increased attention toward potential risks associated with their usage in biological systems and ecosystems. Given these considerations, the objective of this critical review is to provide a detailed and thorough analysis of the factors influencing the toxicity and cytotoxicity of nanoparticles commonly adopted in the leather finishing stage, with particular emphasis on Ag, TiO<sub>2,</sub> and SiO<sub>2</sub> NPs, along with their effects on the safety and health of workers. Moreover, the following study aims to identify necessary precautions and safety measures that the leather industry should implement when handling nanoparticles during the finishing stage.","PeriodicalId":12,"journal":{"name":"ACS Chemical Health & Safety","volume":null,"pages":null},"PeriodicalIF":0.73,"publicationDate":"2024-05-06","publicationTypes":"Journal Article","fieldsOfStudy":null,"isOpenAccess":false,"openAccessPdf":"","citationCount":null,"resultStr":null,"platform":"Semanticscholar","paperid":"140886033","PeriodicalName":null,"FirstCategoryId":null,"ListUrlMain":null,"RegionNum":0,"RegionCategory":"","ArticlePicture":[],"TitleCN":null,"AbstractTextCN":null,"PMCID":"","EPubDate":null,"PubModel":null,"JCR":null,"JCRName":null,"Score":null,"Total":0}
引用次数: 0
Empowering Student Laboratory Safety Officer Programs to Strengthen Academic Safety Culture 赋予学生实验室安全员计划权力,加强学术安全文化
IF 0.73
ACS Chemical Health & Safety Pub Date : 2024-05-02 DOI: 10.1021/acs.chas.3c00103
Caroline M. Donaghy, Adelina Oronova, Aishanee Sur, Daniel D. Hu, Emily E. A. Robinson, E. Rachel Wiley, Noah J. Gibson, Sarah Mutchek, Brady L. Bresnahan, Hossain Shadman, Abbigayle E. Cuomo, Christy Lynn Dyer, Mariya Aleksich, Monica Nyansa
{"title":"Empowering Student Laboratory Safety Officer Programs to Strengthen Academic Safety Culture","authors":"Caroline M. Donaghy, Adelina Oronova, Aishanee Sur, Daniel D. Hu, Emily E. A. Robinson, E. Rachel Wiley, Noah J. Gibson, Sarah Mutchek, Brady L. Bresnahan, Hossain Shadman, Abbigayle E. Cuomo, Christy Lynn Dyer, Mariya Aleksich, Monica Nyansa","doi":"10.1021/acs.chas.3c00103","DOIUrl":"https://doi.org/10.1021/acs.chas.3c00103","url":null,"abstract":"A student Laboratory Safety Officer (LSO) program formalizes a position often found within academic institutions. Through clearly defined responsibilities and effective communication between an LSO and their principal investigators, environmental health and safety office, and department administrators, this program can be effectively used to establish a baseline for safety standards. This article outlines pathways for an institution to establish or strengthen a student LSO program. The strength within this program goes beyond defined responsibilities, where the program’s initiatives can deepen a department-wide community while improving access to resources and advancing leadership skills. The common hurdles faced by these programs are discussed at length for new and existing programs to gain insights into how to address those obstacles while also elucidating the pathways to empower the program. Faculty and student buy-in is fundamental for the success of this program, which often is best addressed by giving visibility to the program itself and its outstanding participants. This article gives an overview of laboratory safety teams (LSTs), a separate graduate student-led laboratory safety initiative, and how an LST can be used to support and even serve as an LSO program. The implementation of a student LSO program has the potential to foster a greater sense of community and safety culture within a department, while giving students the opportunity to enhance their leadership and laboratory skills.","PeriodicalId":12,"journal":{"name":"ACS Chemical Health & Safety","volume":null,"pages":null},"PeriodicalIF":0.73,"publicationDate":"2024-05-02","publicationTypes":"Journal Article","fieldsOfStudy":null,"isOpenAccess":false,"openAccessPdf":"","citationCount":null,"resultStr":null,"platform":"Semanticscholar","paperid":"140886226","PeriodicalName":null,"FirstCategoryId":null,"ListUrlMain":null,"RegionNum":0,"RegionCategory":"","ArticlePicture":[],"TitleCN":null,"AbstractTextCN":null,"PMCID":"","EPubDate":null,"PubModel":null,"JCR":null,"JCRName":null,"Score":null,"Total":0}
引用次数: 0
Airborne Hexavalent Chromium and Particulate Matter Emissions during the Laser Cutting of Leathers 激光切割皮革过程中的空气传播六价铬和颗粒物排放量
IF 0.73
ACS Chemical Health & Safety Pub Date : 2024-04-26 DOI: 10.1021/acs.chas.4c00010
Xinyi Niu, Peyton Hall, Jun Wang, Steven Lange
{"title":"Airborne Hexavalent Chromium and Particulate Matter Emissions during the Laser Cutting of Leathers","authors":"Xinyi Niu, Peyton Hall, Jun Wang, Steven Lange","doi":"10.1021/acs.chas.4c00010","DOIUrl":"https://doi.org/10.1021/acs.chas.4c00010","url":null,"abstract":"Workers may be at risk of exposure to airborne contaminants, including hexavalent chromium (Cr(VI)) and particles of diverse shapes and sizes during the laser cutting of leathers because of the extensive chemicals employed in leather tanning processes. Desktop carbon dioxide (CO<sub>2</sub>) laser engraving machines have gained popularity in various industries; however, airborne contaminant exposure in the laser cutting process of leathers remains unclear. This study investigated Cr(VI) and particle emissions during laser cutting/engraving of leather treated with various tanning methods. Six tanning methods (chrome 1-, chrome 2-, vegetable 1-, vegetable 2-, oil-, and alum-tanned) were studied at three laser power settings (15, 45, and 75%). A personal air sampler coupled with a sampling cassette and ISO 17075–2 evaluation were used to sample and analyze airborne Cr(VI) concentrations, respectively. Two real-time aerosol monitors were utilized to assess particulate concentrations and size distributions from 10 nm to 10 μm. High concentrations of Cr(VI) were detected in chrome-tanned leathers when the ventilation system was off, indicating the critical role of ventilation. The particle number concentrations were statistically significantly affected by various leather tanning methods and laser powers. Chrome 1-tanned leather exhibited the highest concentration of nanoparticles (&lt;420 nm) at low (14,733 #/cm<sup>3</sup>) and medium (20,725 #/cm<sup>3</sup>) laser powers, while veg 2-tanned leather produced the highest micrometer-sized particle (&gt;0.3 μm) concentration, over 1,600 #/cm<sup>3</sup> at all laser powers. The medium laser power exhibited higher nanoparticles than other powers when laser cutting most tanned leathers. The higher power resulted in the generation of smaller-sized particles for chrome-, oil-, and alum-tanned leathers. These findings underscore the importance of adequate ventilation and controlled laser power settings in minimizing health risks during the leather laser cutting processes.","PeriodicalId":12,"journal":{"name":"ACS Chemical Health & Safety","volume":null,"pages":null},"PeriodicalIF":0.73,"publicationDate":"2024-04-26","publicationTypes":"Journal Article","fieldsOfStudy":null,"isOpenAccess":false,"openAccessPdf":"","citationCount":null,"resultStr":null,"platform":"Semanticscholar","paperid":"140800582","PeriodicalName":null,"FirstCategoryId":null,"ListUrlMain":null,"RegionNum":0,"RegionCategory":"","ArticlePicture":[],"TitleCN":null,"AbstractTextCN":null,"PMCID":"","EPubDate":null,"PubModel":null,"JCR":null,"JCRName":null,"Score":null,"Total":0}
引用次数: 0
Working Together: Chemical Safety and Education 合作:化学品安全与教育
IF 3
ACS Chemical Health & Safety Pub Date : 2023-09-25 DOI: 10.1021/acs.chas.3c00082
Mary Beth Mulcahy*,  and , Thomas A. Holme*, 
{"title":"Working Together: Chemical Safety and Education","authors":"Mary Beth Mulcahy*,&nbsp; and ,&nbsp;Thomas A. Holme*,&nbsp;","doi":"10.1021/acs.chas.3c00082","DOIUrl":"https://doi.org/10.1021/acs.chas.3c00082","url":null,"abstract":"","PeriodicalId":12,"journal":{"name":"ACS Chemical Health & Safety","volume":null,"pages":null},"PeriodicalIF":3.0,"publicationDate":"2023-09-25","publicationTypes":"Journal Article","fieldsOfStudy":null,"isOpenAccess":false,"openAccessPdf":"","citationCount":null,"resultStr":null,"platform":"Semanticscholar","paperid":"41079179","PeriodicalName":null,"FirstCategoryId":null,"ListUrlMain":null,"RegionNum":0,"RegionCategory":"","ArticlePicture":[],"TitleCN":null,"AbstractTextCN":null,"PMCID":"","EPubDate":null,"PubModel":null,"JCR":null,"JCRName":null,"Score":null,"Total":0}
引用次数: 0
Of People, Programs, and Priorities: The Impact of Organizational Culture in Industrial Research and Development Laboratories 人、计划和优先事项:组织文化对工业研发实验室的影响
IF 3
ACS Chemical Health & Safety Pub Date : 2023-09-14 DOI: 10.1021/acs.chas.3c00052
Victor Sussman*, Soham Dutta and Jeff Foisel, 
{"title":"Of People, Programs, and Priorities: The Impact of Organizational Culture in Industrial Research and Development Laboratories","authors":"Victor Sussman*,&nbsp;Soham Dutta and Jeff Foisel,&nbsp;","doi":"10.1021/acs.chas.3c00052","DOIUrl":"https://doi.org/10.1021/acs.chas.3c00052","url":null,"abstract":"<p >Development of laboratory safety programs often focuses on the tools and policies needed to protect people, the environment, and equipment. Tools and policies are unlikely to result in meaningful positive safety outcomes alone. Effective engagement is a critical component, and this can only be achieved by nurturing an effective safety culture. Merriam-Webster offers one definition of culture as, “the set of <i>shared</i> attitudes, values, goals, and practices that characterizes an institution or organization” (emphasis added), and employee engagement and leadership support are equally critical to safer laboratories. This commentary begins with a discussion of how human beings perceive work, individual and organizational performance heuristics, and the ways in which policies and procedures influence individual behavior and how individual engagement in safety programs can influence organizational change, resulting in evolutionary improvements in approaches to laboratory safety. We then offer examples of tools and engagement that have been used at Dow to achieve those goals.</p>","PeriodicalId":12,"journal":{"name":"ACS Chemical Health & Safety","volume":null,"pages":null},"PeriodicalIF":3.0,"publicationDate":"2023-09-14","publicationTypes":"Journal Article","fieldsOfStudy":null,"isOpenAccess":false,"openAccessPdf":"","citationCount":null,"resultStr":null,"platform":"Semanticscholar","paperid":"41079052","PeriodicalName":null,"FirstCategoryId":null,"ListUrlMain":null,"RegionNum":0,"RegionCategory":"","ArticlePicture":[],"TitleCN":null,"AbstractTextCN":null,"PMCID":"","EPubDate":null,"PubModel":null,"JCR":null,"JCRName":null,"Score":null,"Total":0}
引用次数: 0
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